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Now these are the names of the sons of Israel who came into Egypt with Jacob; every man and his household came with Jacob:
2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Yehudah;
3 Issachar, Zebulun and Benyehmin;
4 Dan, Naphtali, Gad and Asher.
5 All the souls who came from the loins of Jacob were seventy souls, for Yehoseph was in Egypt.
6 And Yehoseph died, and all his brothers, and all that generation.
7 And the children of Israel were fruitful and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and became exceedingly powerful, and the land was filled with them.
8 And there arose a new king over Egypt, who did not know Yehoseph.
9 And he said to his people, “Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we.
10 Come, let us deal shrewdly with them, lest they multiply, and it come to pass that, if war occur, they also join those who hate us, and fight against us, and go up out of the land.”*1
11 And they set over them taskmasters to afflict them with burdens. And they built for Pharaoh storage cities; Pithom and Raamses.
12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and spread out. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel.
13 And the Egyptians made the children of Israel serve with cruelty,
14 and they made their lives bitter with severe labor in mortar and bricks, and all manner of labor in the field; all their labors to which they were cruelly enslaved.
15 And the king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives, of whom one was named Shiphrah and the other was named Puah,
16 and he said, “When you act as midwife and the Hebrew women beget, and see them upon the birth stool, if it be a son, then you shall kill him, but if it be a daughter, then she shall live.”
17 But the midwives feared Elohim, and did not do as the king of Egypt commanded, but let the sons live.
18 So the king of Egypt called for the midwives and said to them, “Why have you done this thing, and let the sons live?”
19 And the midwives said to Pharaoh, “Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women, for they are vigorous and beget before the midwife can get to them.”
20 So Elohim dealt well with the midwives, and the people multiplied, and became very mighty.
21 And it came to pass, because the midwives feared Elohim, He made them households.
22 Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, “Every son that is born you shall cast into the river, and every daughter shall live.”
*1. Have you ever wondered why the Egyptians would think this way? If treated fairly, honestly and with equality, why would the nation of Israel EVER have turned against their Egyptian hosts? Elohim had a plan for Israel, though, right from the start, and that plan called for Israel to live in the promised land, not Egypt. This same issue surfaces today throughout the world, in many different fashions, doesn’t it!? Do you suppose Elohim has a plan for this day and age too?
And a man from the house of Levi married a daughter of Levi,
2 and the woman conceived and begat a son, and when she saw that he was good, she hid him for three months.
3 But when she could no longer hide him, she took for him a papyrus basket and covered it with tar and pitch, and put the child in it, and set it among the reeds by the bank of the river.
4 And his sister stood afar off to witness what would happen to him.
5 And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to bathe in the river, with her maidens walking at the rivers side, and seeing the basket among the reeds, she sent her maid to fetch it.
6 And when she opened it, she saw the child, and behold, the boy was weeping. And having compassion for him she said, “This is one of the Hebrews’ children.”
7 And his sister said to Pharaoh’s daughter, “Shall I go and call for you a wet-nurse from the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child?”
8 And Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Go!” So the girl went and called the child’s mother.
9 And Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Take away this child and nurse him for me and I will give your wage.” So the woman took the child and nursed him.
10 And the child grew, and she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. And she named him Moses, saying, “Because I drew him out of the water.”*1
11 And it came to pass in those days, when Moses was grown, that he went out to his brethren and looked on their burdens, and he saw an Egyptian beating a Hebrew; one of his brethren.
12 And he looked this way and that way, and when he saw no one there, he killed the Egyptian and hid him in the sand.
13 And when he went out the second day, behold, two Hebrew were quarreling, and he said to him that was in the wrong, “Why are you beating your companion?”
14 And he said, “Who made you a prince or a judge over us? Do you intend to kill me as you killed the Egyptian?” Then Moses was afraid and said, “Surely the matter has become known.”
15 And when Pharaoh heard of this matter, he sought to kill Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and settled in the land of Midian, and he sat down by a well.
16 Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters, and they came and drew and filled the troughs with water for their father’s flock.
17 And shepherds came and drove them away, but Moses rose to defend them, and watered their flock.
18 And when they came to Reuel, their father said, “Why are you come so soon today?”
19 And they said, “An Egyptian delivered us from the hand of the shepherds, and he also drew enough water for us, and watered the flock.”
20 And he said to his daughters, “Where is he? Why have you left the man? Call him, that he may eat food.”
21 And Moses was content to dwell with the man, and he gave Moses his daughter Zipporah.
22 And she begat a son, and he called his name Gershom, for he said, “I have been a sojourner in a foreign land.”
23 And it came to pass, in the process of time, that the king of Egypt died. And the children of Israel sighed because of the bondage, and they cried out, and their cry rose up to Elohim, because of the bondage.
24 And Elohim heard their groaning, and Elohim remembered His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
25 And Elohim saw the children of Israel, and Elohim acknowledged them.
*1. This is never mentioned, but, seeing as Moses was named by Pharaoh’s daughter, saying, “Because I drew him out of the water,” I have often wondered if Moses had another name; a Hebrew name given him by his Levite father and mother. Moses’ name means: To draw out; rescued.
Now Moses was pasturing the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian, and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to Horeb, the mountain of Elohim.
2 And an angel of YEHOWAH appeared to him in a flame of fire from the midst of a bush, and he looked, and behold, the bush burned with fire, but the bush was not consumed.
3 And Moses said, “I will now turn aside and see this great sight; why the bush is not burned.”
4 And when YEHOWAH saw that he turned aside to look, Elohim called to him from the midst of the bush and said, “Moses, Moses!” And he said, “Here I am!”*1
5 And He said, “Do not come near here. Put off your sandals from your feet, for the place whereon you stand is holy ground.”
6 He also said, “I am the Elohim of your father, the Elohim of Abraham, the Elohim of Isaac, and the Elohim of Jacob.” And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at Elohim.
7 And YEHOWAH said, “I have surely seen the affliction of My people who are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters, for I know their sorrows.
8 And I have come down to deliver them from the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up from that land to a good and spacious land; to a land flowing with milk and honey; to the place of the Canaanite and the Hittite and the Amorite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite.
9 Now, therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel has come to Me, and I have seen the oppression with which the Egyptians oppress them.
10 Come, therefore, and I will send you to Pharaoh, that you may bring forth My people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt.”
11 But Moses said to Elohim, “Who am I, that I should go to Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt?”
12 And He said, “Certainly I will be with you, and this shall be the sign that I have sent you: When you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall serve Elohim upon this mountain.”
13 And Moses said to Elohim, “Behold, when I go to the children of Israel, and shall say to them, ‘The Elohim of your fathers has sent me to you;’ and they shall say to me, ‘What is His Name?’ What shall I say to them?”
14 And Elohim said to Moses, “I AM THAT I AM”; and He said, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.'”
15 And Elohim said moreover to Moses, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, ‘YEHOWAH, the Elohim of your fathers; the Elohim of Abraham, the Elohim of Isaac, and the Elohim of Jacob, has sent me to you, and this is My Name forever, and this is My memorial unto all generations.’
16 Go and gather the elders of Israel together and say to them, ‘YEHOWAH, the Elohim of your fathers, the Elohim of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, has appeared to me, saying, “I have surely visited you and seen that which is done to you in Egypt,
17 and I say I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt to the land of the Canaanite and the Hittite and the Amorite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite, to a land flowing with milk and honey.”‘
18 “And they will hear what you say. And you shall go with the elders of Israel unto the king of Egypt, and you shall say to him, ‘YEHOWAH, the Elohim of the Hebrews, has met with us. And now, please let us go a three days’ journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to YEHOWAH our Elohim.’
19 But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go without a mighty hand.
20 So I will stretch out My hand and strike Egypt with all manner of My wonders, which I will do in the midst of it, and afterward he will let you go.
21 And I will give this people favor in the sight of the Egyptians. And it shall come to pass, that when you go, you will not go empty,
22 but every woman shall ask of her neighbor, and of her who sojourns in her house, utensils of silver and utensils of gold, and clothing, and you shall put them on your sons and daughters, and thus you shall spoil the Egyptians.”
1*. Exodus 3:4 is an astonishing passage! Please notice the facts here: A) YEHOWAH SAW that: 1) Moses “turned aside” and 2) “to look” and that B). ELOHIM 1) Called him and 2) Spoke to him… What do you suppose would have happened if Moses refused to “Turn aside” or “Look”?
I have heard many say that they have sincerely prayed for some real indication from Elohim, that Elohim really does exist, but that they never receive there sign. Clearly, they never receive that sign which they want – in their way, because Elohim manifests Himself to us every day in billions of ways. Watch a sunrise on a brisk morning, and FEEL the immediate warmth that He provides. Watch the birth of a baby, or of any animal; watch the standing wheat swaying in a breeze, and in any of these things, or billions of others, deny that Elohim is not answering requests for signs and wonders and proofs! His signs are all about us, but we are not turning aside or looking…
The second lesson here is for every child of Elohim, because we must know that HE is watching us; waiting for us to “Turn Aside” and to “Look”, because we are useless for ministry until we turn aside from this world, and reverently look to Him for our guidance!
And Moses answered and said, “But behold, they will not believe me or listen to what I say, for they will say, ‘ YEHOWAH has not appeared to you.'”
2 And YEHOWAH said to him, “What is that in your hand?” And he said, “A staff.”
3 Then He said, “Cast it to the ground.” So he cast it to the ground, and it became a serpent, and Moses fled from it.
4 But YEHOWAH said to Moses, “Put forth your hand and seize it by its tail,” so he put forth his hand and seized it, and it became a staff in his hand –
5 that they may believe that YEHOWAH, the Elohim of their fathers; the Elohim of Abraham; the Elohim of Isaac; and the Elohim of Jacob, has appeared to you.”
6 And YEHOWAH furthermore said to him, “Now put your hand to your bosom.” So he put his hand to his bosom, and when he took it away from his bosom, behold, his hand was leprous, as snow.
7 Then He said, “Put your hand to your bosom again.” So he put his hand to his bosom again, and when he took it from his bosom, behold, it was restored again to flesh.
8 “And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe you or hear the voice of the first sign, they will believe the voice of the last sign.
9 But if they will not believe even these two signs, or hear your words, then you shall take of the water of the river, and pour it on dry land, and the water that you take from the river will become blood on the dry land.”
10 And Moses said to YEHOWAH, “O my Master, I am not eloquent; neither in time past, nor since You have spoken to Your servant, for I am slow of speech and slow of tongue.”
11 And YEHOWAH said to him, “Who gave man a mouth? Or who makes mute or deaf, or seeing or blind? Is it not I, YEHOWAH?
12 Now therefore, go, and I will be with your mouth, and teach you what you are to say.”
13 But he said, “O Master, please send by the hand whomever You will.”
14 And the anger of YEHOWAH was kindled against Moses, and He said, “Is not Aaron the Levite your brother? I know that he speaks well. Moreover, behold, he is coming out to meet you, and when he sees you, he will be glad in his heart.
15 And you shall speak to him and put the words in his mouth, and I will be with your mouth, and with his mouth, and will direct you – what you shall do.
16 And he shall speak for you to the people; and he will be as a mouth for you and you will be to him as Elohim.
17 And you shall take this staff in your hand, with which you shall perform signs.”
18 And Moses went and returned to Jethro his father-in-law, and said to him, “Let me go, I pray thee, and return to my brethren who are in Egypt; to see if they are yet alive.” And Jethro said to Moses, “Go in peace.”
19 And YEHOWAH said to Moses in Midian, “Go back to Egypt, for all the men are dead who sought your life.”
20 So Moses took his wife and his sons and set them upon an ass, and returned to the land of Egypt; and Moses also took the staff of Elohim in his hand.
21 And YEHOWAH said to Moses, “When you go again to Egypt, see that you do before Pharaoh all the signs that I have put in your hand. But I will harden his heart, so that he will not let the people go.
22 And you shall say to Pharaoh, ‘Thus says YEHOWAH, “Israel is My son; My firstborn,
23 and I said unto you, ‘Let My son go, that he may serve Me’, but you refuse to let him go. Behold, I will kill your son; your firstborn.”‘”
24 And it came to pass on the way, at the inn, that YEHOWAH met him and sought to kill him.
25 Then Zipporah took a sharp stone and cut off her son’s foreskin, and threw it at his feet, and said, “You are indeed a husband of blood to me!”
26 So He let him go. Then she said, “A husband of blood, because of the circumcision”.
27 And YEHOWAH said to Aaron, “Go into the wilderness to meet Moses.” So he went and met him on the mountain of Elohim, and kissed him.
28 And Moses told Aaron all the words of YEHOWAH, with which He had sent him, and all the signs that He had commanded him.
29 And Moses and Aaron went and gathered all the elders of the children of Israel,
30 and Aaron spoke all the words that YEHOWAH had spoken to Moses, and performed the signs in the sight of the people,
31 and the people believed. And when they heard that YEHOWAH had visited the children of Israel, and that He had seen their affliction, they bowed their heads and worshiped.
Afterward, Moses and Aaron went in, and said to Pharaoh, “Thus says YEHOWAH, Elohim of Israel, ‘Let My people go, that they may celebrate a feast to Me in the wilderness.'”
2 But Pharaoh said, “Who is YEHOWAH that I should obey His voice; to let Israel go? I do not know YEHOWAH, neither will I let Israel go.”
3 And they said, “The Elohim of the Hebrews has met with us. Let us go, we pray thee, three days’ journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to YEHOWAH our Elohim, lest He fall upon us with pestilence or with the sword.”
4 And the king of Egypt said to them, “Moses and Aaron, why do you dismiss the people from their work? Go to your labors!”
5 And Pharaoh said, “Behold, the people of the land are now many, and you would have them cease from their labors!”
6 And the same day Pharaoh commanded the taskmasters of the people, and their officers, saying,
7 “You shall no more give the people straw to make brick as in time past. Let them go and gather straw for themselves.
8 And the number of bricks, which they did make in the past, you shall not lessen; you shall not diminish any of it, for they are slack, therefore they cry out, saying, ‘Let us go sacrifice to our Elohim.’
9 And let the work be heavier on the men, that they will be occupied therein, and pay no attention to vain words.”
10 And the taskmasters of the people, and their officers, went out and spoke to the people, saying, “Thus says Pharaoh, ‘I will not give you straw.
11 You go, get straw wherever you can find it, but none of your work will be diminished.'”
12 And the people scattered throughout the land of Egypt to gather stubble for straw.
13 And the taskmasters pressed them, saying, “Fulfill your works, the daily portion, just as when there was straw.”
14 And the officers of the children of Israel, whom Pharaoh’s taskmasters had set over them, were beaten and asked, “Why have you not fulfilled the portion of making bricks, either yesterday or today, as in time past?”
15 And the officers of the children of Israel came and cried out to Pharaoh, saying, “Why do you deal this way with your servants?
16 There is no straw given to your servants, yet they say to us, ‘Make bricks!’ And behold, your servants are being beaten, but the fault is in your people.”
17 And he said, “You are very slack, therefore you say, ‘Let us go sacrifice to YEHOWAH.’
18 Go now, work, for there shall no straw be given, yet you shall deliver the measure of bricks.”
19 And the officers of the children of Israel saw the evil when they were told, “You shall not lessen the daily measure of bricks.”
20 And they met Moses and Aaron, who stood in the way, as they came out from Pharaoh,
21 and they said to them, “May YEHOWAH look upon you and judge, for you have made us an odorous stench in Pharaoh’s eyes, and in the eyes of his servants; to put a sword in their hand to kill us.”
22 And Moses returned to YEHOWAH and said, “O Master, why have You brought evil upon this people? Why have You sent me?
23 For ever since I came to Pharaoh to speak in Your Name, he has done evil to this people; neither have You delivered Your people at all.”
Then YEHOWAH said to Moses, “Now shall you see what I will do to Pharaoh, for by a strong hand he will let them go, and by a strong hand he will drive them out of his land.”
2 Elohim spoke further unto Moses and said to him, “I am YEHOWAH,
3 and I appeared to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, as El Almighty. And by My Name, YEHOWAH, I made Myself known to them.
4 I also established My covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan; the land of their dwelling, where they sojourned as strangers.
5 And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage, and I have remembered My covenant.
6 Say, therefore, to the children of Israel, ‘I am YEHOWAH, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will deliver you from their bondage, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments.
7 And I will then take you to Me for a people, and I will be your Elohim, and you will know that I am YEHOWAH your Elohim, who brought you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.
8 And I will bring you to the land that I swore to give to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and I will give it to you to possess. I am YEHOWAH!'”
9 And Moses spoke thus to the children of Israel, but they did not listen to Moses, because of the anguish of their spirit, and the cruel bondage.
10 And YEHOWAH spoke to Moses, saying,
11 “Go, tell Pharaoh, king of Egypt, to let the children of Israel go out of his land.”
12 But Moses spoke before YEHOWAH, saying, “Behold, the children of Israel do not listen to me, how then will Pharaoh listen to me, for I am of uncircumcised lips?”
13 And YEHOWAH spoke to Moses and Aaron, giving them a command to the children of Israel, and to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to let the children of Israel go out of the land of Egypt.
14 These are the heads of their fathers’ households: The sons of Reuben, the firstborn of Israel: Enoch, Pallu, Hezron and Carmi; these are the families of Reuben.
15 And the sons of Simeon: Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar and Shaul the son of a Canaanite woman; these are the families of Simeon.
16 And these are the names of the sons of Levi according to their generations: Gershon, Kohath and Merari; and the years of Levi’s life was one hundred and thirty-seven years.
17 The sons of Gershon: Libni and Shimi, according to their families.
18 And the sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron and Uzziel; and the length of Kohath’s life was one hundred and thirty-three years.
19 And the sons of Merari: Machli and Mushi. These are the families of the Levites according to their generations.
20 And Amram took Yehchebed, his father’s sister, as wife, and she begat Aaron and Moses; and the length of Amram’s life was one hundred and thirty-seven years.
21 The sons of Izhar: Korah, Nepheg and Zichri.
22 The sons of Uzziel: Mishael, Elzaphan and Sithri.
23 And Aaron took Elisheba, the daughter of Amminadab, the sister of Nahshon, as wife, and she begat Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.
24 And the sons of Korah: Assir, Elkanah and Abiasaph; these are the families of the Korahites.
25 And Eleazar, Aaron’s son, took a daughter of Putiel as wife, and she begat Phinehas. These are the heads of the fathers of the Levites according to their families.
26 And this is that Aaron and Moses to whom YEHOWAH said, “Bring out the children of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their hosts.”
27 And these are they who spoke to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring out the children of Israel out from Egypt; this is that Moses and Aaron.
28 And it came to pass on the day YEHOWAH spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt,
29 that YEHOWAH spoke to Moses, saying, “I am YEHOWAH, speak to Pharaoh king of Egypt all that I say unto you.”
30 And Moses said before YEHOWAH, “Behold, I am of uncircumcised lips. How then will Pharaoh hearken unto me?
And YEHOWAH said to Moses, “See, I make you an elohim to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron as your prophet.
2 You will speak all that I command you, and Aaron your brother will tell Pharaoh to send out the children of Israel from his land.
3 And I will stiffen Pharaoh’s heart, and multiply My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt.
4 And when Pharaoh does not listen to you, then I will lay My hand upon Egypt and bring forth My hosts; My people, the children of Israel, from the land of Egypt, by great judgments.
5 And the Egyptians will know that I am YEHOWAH when I stretch out My hand upon Egypt and bring out the children of Israel from among them.”
6 And Moses and Aaron did as YEHOWAH commanded them; so did they.
7 And Moses was eighty years old and Aaron eighty-three, when they spoke to Pharaoh.
8 And YEHOWAH spoke unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying,
9 “When Pharaoh shall speak to you, saying, ‘Do a miracle,’ then you shall say to Aaron, ‘Take the staff and cast it before Pharaoh – to become a serpent.'”
10 And Moses and Aaron came in to Pharaoh, and they did so, just as YEHOWAH had commanded. And Aaron threw down the staff before Pharaoh and his servants, and it became a serpent.
11 Then Pharaoh called the wise men and sorcerers, and they also, the magicians of Egypt, did the same with their enchantments.
12 For each one threw down his staff, and they turned into serpents. But Aaron’s staff swallowed up their staffs.
13 And Pharaoh’s heart was being made hard, and he did not listen to them, as YEHOWAH had said.
14 Then YEHOWAH said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is hardened; he refuses to let the people go.
15 Go to Pharaoh in the morning, lo, as he goes out to the water, and take your stand on the bank of the river to meet him. And take in your hand the staff that was turned into a serpent,
16 and say unto him, ‘YEHOWAH, Elohim of the Hebrews, has sent me to you, saying, “Let My people go, that they may serve Me in the wilderness. But behold, until now you have not listened.”
17 Thus says YEHOWAH, “In this you will know that I am YEHOWAH: Behold, I will strike the water that is in the river with the staff in my hand, and it will be turned to blood.
18 And the fish that are in the river will die, and the river will stink, and the Egyptians will weary to drink water from the river.”‘”
19 And YEHOWAH said to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Take the staff and stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt; over their rivers, over their streams, over their ponds and over all their pools of water, that they may become blood. And there will be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of wood and stone.'”
20 And Moses and Aaron did so, as YEHOWAH had commanded, and he lifted up the staff and struck the water in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh, and in the sight of his servants, and all the water in the river turned to blood.
21 And the fish in the river died, and the river stank, and the Egyptians could not drink water from the river. And there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt.
22 And the magicians of Egypt did the same with their enchantments, and Pharaoh’s heart was hardened; and neither did he listen to them, as YEHOWAH had said.
23 And Pharaoh turned and went into his house, and did not even consider this in his heart.
24 And all the Egyptians dug around the river for water to drink, for they could not drink of the water of the river.
25 And seven days were fulfilled after YEHOWAH struck the river.
Then YEHOWAH said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and say to him, ‘Thus says YEHOWAH, “Let My people go, that they may serve Me.
2 But if you refuse to send them away, behold, I will strike all within your borders with frogs.
3 The river will swarm with frogs, and they will come up and go into your house and into your bedroom and on your bed, and into the houses of your servants, and on your people, and into your ovens and into your kneading troughs.
4 And thus will the frogs come up upon you, and your people, and all your servants.”‘”
5 And YEHOWAH said to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Stretch out your hand with the staff over the rivers, over the streams and over the ponds, and cause frogs to come up upon the land of Egypt.'”
6 And Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt, and the frogs came up and covered the land of Egypt.
7 And the magicians did so with their enchantments, making frogs come up upon the land of Egypt.
8 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron and said, “Entreat YEHOWAH that He remove the frogs from me and from my people, and I will let the people go, that they may sacrifice unto YEHOWAH.”
9 And Moses said to Pharaoh, “Make clear to me when I should intercede for you and your servants and your people, that the frogs be destroyed from you and your houses, and remain only in the river?”
10 And he said, “Tomorrow.” So he said, “Be it according to your word, that you may know that there is none like YEHOWAH our Elohim.
11 The frogs will depart from you and your houses, and your servants and your people; they will remain only in the river.”
12 And Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh, and Moses cried out to YEHOWAH because of the frogs, which He had inflicted upon Pharaoh.
13 And YEHOWAH did according to the word of Moses, and the frogs died out in the houses, the courts, and the fields.
14 And they gathered them in heaps, and the land stank.
15 But when Pharaoh saw the relief, he hardened his heart and did not listen to them, as YEHOWAH had said.
16 And YEHOWAH said to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Stretch out the staff and strike the dust of the earth, that it may become gnats throughout all the land of Egypt.'”
17 And they did so, and Aaron stretched out his hand with the staff, and struck the dust of the earth, and there were gnats on man and beast. All the dust of the land became gnats throughout all the land of Egypt.
18 And the magicians did so with their enchantments, to bring forth gnats, but they could not. So there were gnats on man and beast.
19 Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, “This is the finger of Elohim.” But Pharaoh’s heart was hardened, and he did not listen to them, as YEHOWAH had said.
20 And YEHOWAH said to Moses, “Rise up early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh, as he comes out to the water, and say to him, ‘Thus says YEHOWAH, “Let My people go, that they may serve Me.
21 For if you do not let My people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies upon you, upon your servants, upon your people and into your houses, and the houses of the Egypt will be full of swarms of flies; and also the ground on which they are.
22 And on that day I will distinguish the land of Goshen, where My people dwell, so that no swarms of flies will be there, in order that you may know that I, YEHOWAH, Am in the midst of the land.
23 I will make a distinction between My people and your people. Tomorrow this sign will come to pass.”‘”
24 And YEHOWAH did so. And there came great swarms of flies into the house of Pharaoh and the houses of his servants. And throughout the land of Egypt the land was in ruin because of the swarms of flies.
25 And Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron and said, “Go, sacrifice to your Elohim within the land.”
26 But Moses said, “It is not proper to do so, for our sacrifices to YEHOWAH our Elohim are an abomination to the Egyptians. And, lo, if we sacrifice what is an abomination to the Egyptians before their eyes, will they not then stone us?
27 We must go three days’ journey into the wilderness to sacrifice unto YEHOWAH our Elohim, as He commands us.”
28 And Pharaoh said, “I will let you go, that you may sacrifice to YEHOWAH your Elohim in the wilderness; only you shall not go very far away. Entreat for me.”
29 And Moses said, “Behold, I am going out from you, and I will entreat YEHOWAH, that the swarms of flies will depart from Pharaoh, from his servants and from his people; tomorrow. Only do not let Pharaoh deal deceitfully any more, in not letting the people go to sacrifice to YEHOWAH.”
30 And Moses went out from Pharaoh and entreated YEHOWAH.
31 And YEHOWAH did according to the word of Moses, and removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants and from his people. There remained not one.
32 But Pharaoh’s heart hardened this time also, and he did not let the people go.
Then YEHOWAH said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and declare to him, ‘Thus says YEHOWAH, Elohim of the Hebrew, “Let My people go, that they may serve Me.
2 For, if you refuse to let them go and hold them still,
3 behold, the hand of YEHOWAH will fall upon the cattle in the field; on the horses, on the asses, on the camels, on the herds, and on the flocks, with a very severe plague.
4 But YEHOWAH will distinguish between the cattle of Israel and the cattle of Egypt, and nothing will die of all that belongs to the children of Israel.”‘”
5 And YEHOWAH appointed a set time, saying, “Tomorrow, YEHOWAH will do this thing in the land.”
6 And YEHOWAH did this thing on the next day, and all the livestock of Egypt died. But of the livestock of the children of Israel, not one died.
7 And Pharaoh sent, and behold, there was not even one of the livestock of Israel dead. But the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he did not let the people go.
8 And YEHOWAH said to Moses and Aaron, “Take to yourselves handfuls of ashes from a furnace, and let Moses scatter it toward the heavens in the sight of Pharaoh.
9 And it will become fine dust over all the land of Egypt, and it will become boils breaking out with pustules on man and beast throughout all the land of Egypt.”
10 And they took ashes from a furnace, and stood before Pharaoh, and Moses scattered it toward the heavens, and it became boils breaking out with pustules on man and beast.
11 And the magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils, for the boils were on the magicians as well as on all the Egyptians.
12 And YEHOWAH hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not listen to them, just as YEHOWAH had spoken to Moses.
13 And YEHOWAH said to Moses, “Rise up early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh, and say to him, ‘Thus says YEHOWAH, Elohim of the Hebrew, “Let My people go, that they may serve Me.
14 For this time I will send all My plagues upon your heart, and upon your servants and upon your people, so that you may know that there is no one like Me in all the earth.
15 For now I will put forth My hand and strike you and your people with plague, and you will be cut off from the earth.
16 Truly, for this very reason I have raised you up, in order to show you My power, and in order that My Name may be declared throughout all the earth.
17 Do you still exalt yourself over My people by not letting them go?
18 Behold, at this time tomorrow, I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as has not been in Egypt since its foundation until now.
19 Send now, therefore, and gather your livestock and all that you have in the field. Every man and beast found in the field, and not brought home, the hail will come down on them, and they will die.”‘”
20 Those servants of Pharaoh who feared the word of YEHOWAH, made their servants and livestock flee into the houses,
21 but those who regarded not the word of YEHOWAH, left their servants and livestock in the field.
22 And YEHOWAH said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward the heavens, that hail should fall on all the land of Egypt; on man and on beast, and on every herb of the field, throughout the land of Egypt.”
23 And Moses stretched out his staff toward the heavens, and YEHOWAH sent thunder and hail. And fire ran along the ground, and YEHOWAH rained hail upon the land of Egypt.
24 So there was hail, and fire mingled in the midst of the hail, very grievous, such as had not been in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation.
25 And the hail struck throughout all the land of Egypt; all that was in the field, both man and beast, and the hail struck every herb of the field and broke in pieces every tree of the field.
26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, there was no hail.
27 And Pharaoh sent, and called for Moses and Aaron, and said to them, “I have sinned this time. YEHOWAH is righteous, and I, and my people are wicked.
28 Entreat YEHOWAH, for it is enough that there be no more mighty thunder and hail! I will let you go, and you shall stay no longer.”
29 And Moses said to him, “As soon as I go out of the city, I will spread out my hands to YEHOWAH. The thunder will cease and there will be no more hail, that you may know that the earth is YEHOWAH’S.
30 But as for you and your servants, I know that you do not yet fear YEHOWAH Elohim.”
31 The flax and the barley were struck, for the barley was green and the flax had flowered,
32 but the wheat and the rye were not struck, for they had not grown up.
33 And Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread out his hands unto YEHOWAH, and the thunder and the hail ceased, and the rain was not poured upon the earth.
34 And when Pharaoh saw that the rain and the hail and the thunder had ceased, he sinned again and hardened his heart; he and his servants.
35 And Pharaoh’s heart was hardened, and he would not let the children of Israel go, just as YEHOWAH had spoken through Moses.
And YEHOWAH said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the hearts of his servants, that I might show these, My signs, among them,
2 and that you might tell in the hearing of your children and your grandchildren, how I effected, in Egypt, My signs, which I have performed among them, that you would know that I am YEHOWAH.”
3 And Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said to him, “Thus says YEHOWAH, Elohim of the Hebrews, ‘How long will you refuse to humble yourself before Me? Let My people go, that they may serve Me,
4 for if you refuse to let My people go, behold, tomorrow I will bring locusts within your borders.
5 And they will cover the face of the land, so that no one will be able to see the land. They will also eat the remainder of what has escaped; what is left to you from the hail, and they will eat every tree that grows for you in the field.
6 And they will fill your houses, and the houses of all your servants, and the houses of all the Egyptians, which neither your fathers, nor your grandfathers, have seen from the day that they came upon the earth until this day.'” And he turned and went out from Pharaoh.
7 And Pharaoh’s servants said to him, “How long then shall this man be a snare to us? Let the men go, that they may serve YEHOWAH their Elohim. Do you not know that Egypt is destroyed?”
8 So Moses and Aaron were brought back to Pharaoh, and he said to them, “Go, serve YEHOWAH your Elohim! Who are they that shall go?”
9 And Moses said, “We shall go with our young and our old, with our sons and our daughters; with our flocks and our herds we shall go, for we feast unto YEHOWAH.”
10 And he said to them, “Let YEHOWAH be so with you, as I let you and your little ones go. Look, for evil is before you.
11 Rightly so, go now, the men, and serve YEHOWAH as you desire.” And they were driven out from Pharaoh’s presence.
12 And YEHOWAH said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, that they may come up on the land of Egypt and eat every herb of the land; everything that the hail has left.”
13 And Moses stretched out his staff over the land of Egypt, and YEHOWAH brought forth an east wind on the land all that day, and all that night. When it was morning, the east wind brought the locusts.
14 And the locusts went up over all the land of Egypt and set down in all the territory of Egypt; very grievous. Never before had there been such locusts, nor would there be such again,
15 for they covered the face of the whole land, so that the land was darkened. And they ate every herb of the land, and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left. And there remained nothing green on the trees, or on the herbs of the field, throughout the land of Egypt.
16 And Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron in haste, and he said, “I have sinned against YEHOWAH your Elohim, and against you.
17 Now therefore, please forgive my sin only this once, and entreat YEHOWAH your Elohim, that He would only take away from me this death.”
18 And he went out from Pharaoh and entreated YEHOWAH.
19 And YEHOWAH turned a very mighty west wind, which took away the locusts, and drove them into the Red Sea. And there remained not one locust within all the borders of Egypt.
20 But YEHOWAH hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the children of Israel go.
21 And YEHOWAH said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward the heavens, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt; even a darkness which may be felt.”
22 So Moses stretched out his hand toward the heavens, and there was thick darkness throughout the land of Egypt for three days.
23 They could not see one another, nor did anyone rise from their place for three days, but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.
24 And Pharaoh called to Moses, and said, “Go, serve YEHOWAH. Only let your flocks and your herds stay; even your little ones may go with you.”
25 And Moses said, “You must also give us sacrifices and burnt offerings, that we may sacrifice to YEHOWAH our Elohim.
26 Therefore, our livestock also must go with us. Not a hoof shall be left behind, for we must take them to serve YEHOWAH our Elohim. And we know not with what we must serve YEHOWAH until we get there.”
27 But YEHOWAH hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he would not let them go.
28 And Pharaoh said to him, “Get away from me! Beware, do not see my face again, for in the day you see my face you will die!”
29 And Moses said, “You have spoken rightly; I will see your face again no more!”
And YEHOWAH said to Moses, “Yet will I bring one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt, and afterward he will let you go from here. When he sends you out, he will surely drive you away from here completely.
2 Speak now in the ears of the people, and let each man ask from his neighbor, and each woman from her neighbor, for utensils of silver and utensils of gold.”
3 And YEHOWAH gave the people favor in the eyes of the Egyptians. Moreover, the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt in the eyes of Pharaoh’s servants, and in the eyes of the people.
4 And Moses said, “Thus says YEHOWAH, ‘About midnight I will go out into the midst of Egypt,
5 and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt will die; from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits on his throne, even to the firstborn of the handmaid who is behind the millstone, and all the firstborn of the beasts.
6 And there will be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there has been none like it, and such as there shall never be again.
7 But against the children of Israel shall not a dog bark, neither against man nor beast, that you may know that YEHOWAH distinguishes between Egypt and Israel.’
8 And all these your servants will come down to me and bow themselves before me, saying, ‘Get out, you and all the people who follow you,’ and after that I will go out.” And he went out from Pharaoh in fierce anger.
9 And YEHOWAH said to Moses, “Pharaoh will not listen to you, so that My wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.”
10 And Moses and Aaron did all these signs before Pharaoh, yet YEHOWAH hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the children of Israel go out of his land.
And YEHOWAH spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,
2 “This month is the beginning of months. It is to be the first month of the year to you.
3 Speak unto all the assembly of Israel, saying, ‘On the tenth of this month they are each to take a lamb for themselves, according to their fathers’ households; a lamb for each household.
4 And if the household is too small for a lamb, let him and the neighbor nearest to his house, take according to the number of souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.
5 Your lamb shall be without blemish; a male of the first year. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats.
6 And you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month. And the whole congregation of the assembly of Israel is to kill it at dusk.
7 And they shall take of the blood and put it on the two doorposts, and on the lintel of the houses in which they eat it.
8 And they shall eat the flesh that night, roasted with fire; with unleavened bread and bitter herbs they shall eat it.
9 They shall not eat any of it raw or boiled at all with water, but only roasted with fire; its head and its legs along with its entrails.
10 And you shall let none of it remain until morning. And whatever remains of it until morning, you shall burn with fire.
11 And thus shall you eat it: Your loins shall be girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste. It is YEHOWAH’S Passover.
12 For I will go through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast. And against all the elohim of Egypt I will execute judgments. I am YEHOWAH!
13 And the blood shall be for you a sign on the houses where you live, and when I see the blood I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you for destruction when I strike the land of Egypt.
14 And this day will be a memorial to you, and you shall celebrate it a feast to YEHOWAH throughout your generations; you are to celebrate it an ordinance forever.
15 Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, but on the first day you shall remove leaven from your houses, for whoever eats anything leavened from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.
16 On the first day you shall have a holy convocation, and on the seventh day a holy convocation; no work at all shall be done on them, except what is eaten by every person; that only may be done by you.
17 And you shall observe the Unleavened Bread, for on this very day I have brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt. And you shall keep this day throughout your generations as an ordinance forever.
18 In the first month, from the fourteenth day of the month at dusk, you shall eat unleavened bread until the twenty-first day of the month at dusk.
19 Seven days there shall be no leaven found in your houses, for whoever eats what is leavened, that soul shall be cut off from the assembly of Israel; whether a sojourner or one born in the land.
20 You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your dwellings you shall eat unleavened bread.'”
21 And Moses called for all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Draw out and take for yourselves lambs according to your families, and kill the Passover lamb.*1
22 You shall take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood in the basin, and touch the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood in the basin, and none of you shall go out of the door of his house until morning.
23 For YEHOWAH will pass through to smite the Egyptians, and when He sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, YEHOWAH will pass over the door and will not grant the destroyer to come in to your houses to smite you.
24 And you shall observe this thing as an ordinance for you and your children forever.
25 And it shall come to pass, when you enter the land that YEHOWAH will give you, as He has promised, you shall observe this act.
26 And it shall come to pass, when your children ask you, ‘What do you mean by this act?’
27 you shall say, ‘It is the sacrifice of Passover to YEHOWAH, Who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt when He smote the Egyptians, but delivered our homes.'” And the people bowed their heads and worshiped.
28 And the children of Israel went away and did just as YEHOWAH had commanded Moses and Aaron; so they did.
29 And it came to pass, that at midnight YEHOWAH smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt; from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne, to the firstborn of the prisoner in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of the beasts.
30 And Pharaoh arose in the night; he and all his servants and all the Egyptians, and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was not one dead.
31 And he called for Moses and Aaron in the night and said, “Rise up, go away from among my people; both you and the children of Israel. Go and worship YEHOWAH, as you have said.
32 And take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and go, and bless me also.”
33 And the Egyptians urged the people, to send them out of the land in haste, for they said, “We will all be dead.”
34 And the people took their dough before it was leavened; their kneading-troughs bound up in the clothes on their shoulders.
35 And the children of Israel had done according to the word of Moses, for they had asked from the Egyptians utensils of silver and utensils of gold, and clothing.
36 And YEHOWAH had given the people favor in the eyes of the Egyptians, so that they let them have what they asked. Thus they spoiled the Egyptians.
37 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides children.*1
38 And a mixed multitude also went up with them, along with flocks, herds and very much livestock.
39 And they baked unleavened cakes from the dough that they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened, because they were driven out of Egypt and could not delay; nor had they prepared for themselves any food.
40 Now the sojourning of the children of Israel who dwelled in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.
41 And it came to pass at the end of four hundred and thirty years, on the very same day it came to pass, that all the hosts of YEHOWAH*2 went out from the land of Egypt.
42 It is a night of observance unto YEHOWAH, for having brought them out from the land of Egypt. This night is unto YEHOWAH, to be observed by all the children of Israel throughout their generations.
43 And YEHOWAH said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover: No foreigner is to eat of it,
44 but every man’s servant bought with money, having been circumcised, then he may eat of it.
45 A foreigner or a hired servant shall not eat of it.
46 In one house shall it be eaten; you shall not carry forth any of the flesh outside of the house, nor shall you to break any bone of it.
47 All the assembly of Israel shall observe this.
48 And if a foreigner sojourns with you, and would observe the Passover unto YEHOWAH, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near to observe it, and he shall be as one born in the land. But no uncircumcised person may eat of it.
49 The same law shall apply to him that is home-born, as to the foreigner who sojourns among you.”
50 Thus did all the children of Israel. As YEHOWAH commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.
51 And it came to pass on that very same day, YEHOWAH brought the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt, by their hosts.
*1. Consider the command of Exodus 12:21 in light of the “number of men” revealed in Exodus 12:37, because fulfilling the requirement for sacrificial lambs (or goats) would mean the slaughtering of nearly 600,000 young lambs! Imagine, then, the enormous size of the “Flocks” of Israel, at the time of the Exodus.
*2. Throughout Scripture we read the phrase, “hosts of YEHOWAH” or “YEHOWAH of hosts”, as we see here in Exodus 12:21. Have you ever considered the meaning of “Hosts” in this context? I have prayed to understand this saying for a very long time, and I mention it here in passing, in the hope that you too may find it an interesting use of words as well. Give it some thought each time you read the phrase, because even if you already know what it means, I believe it is significant for all of Elohim’s children. I think that I finally comprehend what The Holy Spirit means with these words, and I’ll share that with you later in our study notes.