1 Corinthians

Paul’s 1st Letter to the Church at Corinth

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Paul, called as an apostle of YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach by the will of Elohim, and Sosthenes our brother,
2 to the church of Elohim which is at Corinth; to those who are sanctified in Messiah YEHOSHUA, called to be saints, with all who in every place call upon the Name of YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach, our Master, both theirs and ours;
3 Grace to you and peace, from El our Father and the Master YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach.
4 I thank my Elohim always on your behalf, for the grace of Elohim which is given you by YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach;
5 that in everything you are enriched by Him; in all speech, and all knowledge,
6 even as the testimony of the Messiah was confirmed in you,
7 so that you do not lack in any gift; looking for the appearing of our Master YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach,
8 Who will also confirm you to the end, blameless in the day of our Master YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach.
9 Elohim is faithful, by Whom you were called unto fellowship with His Son, YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach our Master.
10 Now I urge you, brethren, by the Name of our Master YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach, that you all speak the same thing, and that there be no divisions among you; but that you be perfectly joined together in the same mind, and in the same judgment.
11 For it has been told unto me of you, my brethren, by those from Chloe, that there is strife among you.
12 Now this I say, that each of you is saying, “I am of Paul,” and “I of Apollos,” and “I of Cephas,” and “I of Messiah.”
13 Is Messiah divided? Was Paul crucified for you? Or were you baptized in the name of Paul?
14 I thank Elohim that I baptized none of you except Crispus and Gaius,
15 lest any should say that I had baptized in my own name.
16 And I also baptized the household of Stephanas; beyond that, I do not know whether I baptized any other.
17 For Messiah did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel; not with wise words, lest the cross of Messiah should be made void.
18 For the preaching of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being delivered it is the power of Elohim.
19 For it is written, “The wisdom of their wise will perish, and the understanding of their prudent will be hidden.” 1
20 Where are the wise? Where are the scribes? Where are the disputers of this world? Has not Elohim made foolish the wisdom of the world?
21 For since in the wisdom of Elohim the world through its wisdom did not know Elohim, it pleased Elohim by the foolishness of the Gospel message to save those who believe.
22 For the Yehudi ask for a sign and Greeks search for wisdom;
23 but we preach Messiah crucified unto the Yehudi a stumbling block, and unto the Greeks foolishness,
24 but to those who are the called, both Yehudi and Greeks, Messiah the power of Elohim, and the wisdom of Elohim.
25 Because the foolishness of Elohim is wiser than mankind, and the weakness of Elohim is stronger than mankind.
26 For consider your calling, brethren, that there are not many wise according to the flesh; not many mighty; not many noble,
27 but Elohim has chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise, and Elohim has chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are strong,
28 and the base things of the world; and things that are despised, Elohim has chosen; and things that are not, to bring to nothing the things that are,
29 so that no flesh should glory in His presence.
30 But through Him you are in Messiah YEHOSHUA, Who because of Elohim is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption,
31 so that just as it is written, “Let those who glory, glory in the Master.” 2



And when I came to you, brethren, I did not come with superiority of speech or of wisdom, proclaiming to you the testimony of Elohim.
2 For I determined not to know anything among you except YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach, and Him crucified.
3 And I was with you in weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling,
4 and my speech and my preaching were not in enticing words of mankind’s wisdom, but in demonstration of The Holy Spirit and of power,
5 so that your faith would not rest on the wisdom of mankind, but on the power of Elohim.
6 However,  we do speak wisdom among those who are mature; a wisdom, though, not of this world, nor of the rulers of this world, which is useless.;
7 but we speak the wisdom of Elohim in a mystery; the hidden wisdom, which Elohim predetermined before the world, unto our glory.
8 The wisdom which none of the rulers of this world knew, for if they had known, they would not have crucified the Master of glory.
9 But just as it is written, “Mankind has not heard, nor perceived by ear, nor has the eye seen, or remembered, nor come into mind, all that Elohim has prepared for those who wait for Him.” 3
10 But Elohim has revealed unto us, through His Spirit; for The Spirit searches all things, yes, even the deep things of Elohim.
11 For what human knows the thoughts of any person, except the spirit of that person, which is in them? Even so the things of Elohim no one knows except The Holy Spirit of Elohim.
12 Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but The Holy Spirit Who is from Elohim, so that we might know the things that are freely given to us by Elohim,
13 which things also we speak, not in words taught by human wisdom, but in those taught by The Holy Spirit, combining spiritual with spiritual.
14 But a natural person does not accept the things of The Holy Spirit of Elohim, for they are foolishness to them; and they cannot understand them, because they are spiritually examined.
15 But those who are spiritual examine all things, yet they themselves are examined by no one.
16 For “Who has heard the secrets of Eloah,” that they will instruct Him? But we have the mind of Messiah.



And I, brethren, could not speak to you as unto the spiritual, but as unto the carnal; as unto a child in Messiah.
2 I fed you with milk, and not with meat, for you were not yet able to receive it.  Yet, even now you are not able,
3 for you are still carnal.  For since among you there is envy and strife, are you not carnal, walking as mere humans?
4 For when one says, “I am of Paul,” and another, “I am of Apollos,” are you not carnal?
5 Who then is Paul, and who is Apollos, but servants through whom you believed, even as the Master gave to each person.
6 I planted, Apollos watered, but Elohim gave the increase.
7 So then neither is the one who plants anything, nor the one who waters, but Elohim who gives the increase.
8 Now those who plant and those who water are one; but each will receive their own reward according to their own labor.
9 For we labor together with Elohim.  We are Elohim’s cultivators and builders.
10 According to the grace of Elohim, which was given to me, like a wise master builder, I laid the foundation, and another built upon it.  But let each person beware how they build upon it.
11 For no other foundation can anyone lay, other than that which has been laid, which is YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach.
12 Now if anyone builds upon the foundation with gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, straw,
13 each person’s work will be made manifest; for the day will declare it, because it will be revealed by fire; and the fire will test the quality of each person’s work.
14 If anyone’s work remains, which they have built upon it, they will receive a reward.
15 If anyone’s work is burned, they will suffer loss, but they themselves will be saved; yet so as by fire.
16 Do you not know that you are a temple of Elohim, and that The Holy Spirit of Elohim dwells in you?
17 If anyone destroys the temple of Elohim, Elohim will destroy them, for the temple of Elohim is holy, and that is what you are.
18 Let no one deceive themselves.  If anyone among you thinks they are wise in this world, let them become a fool, so that they may become wise.
19 For the wisdom of this world is foolishness before Elohim.  For it is written, “He captures the wise by their own craftiness”; 4
20 and again, “YEHOWAH knows the thoughts of mankind, that they are vain.” 5
21 Therefore let no one boast in any human, for all things belong to you,
22 whether Paul, or Apollos, or Cephas, or the world, or life, or death, or things present, or things to come; all things belong to you.
23 And you belong to Messiah, and Messiah belongs to Elohim.



Let mankind so regard us in this manner, as servants of Messiah, and stewards of the mysteries of Elohim.
2 Further still, it is required of stewards, that one be found trustworthy.
3 But with me it is a very small thing that I be examined by you, or by any human court.  In fact, I do not even examine myself.
4 For I am aware of nothing against myself; yet I am not by this justified, but He who examines me is the Master.
5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, but wait until the Master comes, Who will both bring to light the things hidden in the darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts; and then will each person have praise from Elohim.
6 And these things, brethren, I have figuratively transferred to myself and Apollos for your sake, so that you might learn in us not to think above that which is written; that none of you be proud in regard to one against another.
7 For who regards you as different? And what do you have that you did not receive? And if you did receive it, why do you boast, as if you had not received it?
8 Already you are filled, already you have become rich; you have become as rulers without us; and indeed, I pray unto Elohim that you had become rulers, so that we also might reign with you.
9 For, I think, Elohim has exhibited us apostles last, as men appointed to death, for we have become a spectacle to the world; both to angels and to mankind.
10 We are fools for Messiah’s sake, but you are wise in Messiah; we are weak, but you are strong; you are honorable, but we are without honor.
11 To this present hour we both hunger and thirst, and are poorly clad, and are buffeted, and have no certain dwelling place.
12 And we toil, working with our own hands.  When we are reviled, we bless; when we are persecuted, we endure;
13 when we are defamed, we entreat; we have become as the filth of the world, the scrapings of all things, even until now.
14 I do not write these things to shame you, but as my beloved children, to warn you.
15 For even though you have ten thousand instructors in Messiah, yet you would not have many fathers, for in Messiah YEHOSHUA I have begotten you through the gospel.
16 Therefore I call for you to be imitators of me.
17 For this reason I have sent to you Timothy, who is my beloved and faithful son in the Master, who will remind you of my ways, which are in Messiah, just as I teach everywhere in every church.
18 Now some are puffed up, as though I were not coming to you.
19 But I will come to you soon, if the Master wills, and I will know, not the speech of those who are puffed up, but their power.
20 For the kingdom of Elohim is not in words, but in power.
21 What do you seek? Shall I come to you with a rod, or in love, and a Spirit of meekness?



It is commonly reported that there is fornication among you, and such fornication as is not so much as mentioned among the Gentiles, that one should have his father’s wife.
2 And you are puffed up, and have not mourned instead, so that the one who has done this deed might be taken away from among you.
3 For I truly, as absent in the body but present in spirit, have already judged him who has done this deed; as though I were present.
4 In the Name of our Master YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach, when you are assembled, and I with you in spirit, with the power of our Master YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach,
5 I have determined to deliver such a one to Satan for the destruction of his flesh, that his spirit might be saved in the day of Master YEHOSHUA.
6 Your boasting is not good.  Do you not know that a little leaven leavens the whole lump?
7 Purge out therefore the old leaven, so that you may be a new lump; as you are unleavened.  For even Messiah our Passover has been sacrificed.
8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with unleavened sincerity and truth.
9 I wrote you in another letter not to keep company with fornicators;
10 but not altogether with the fornicators of this world, or with the covetous, or extortionist’s, or with idolaters; for then you would need to go out of the world.
11 But I actually wrote to you not to keep company with any who are called as brethren; who are fornicators, or idolaters, or revilers, or drunkards, or extortionists.  With such do not even eat.
12 For what have I to do with judging those who are outsiders? Do you not though, judge those who are within?
13 But those who are outside, Elohim judges.  “You shall purge the evil from your midst.” 6



Dare any of you, having a dispute with another, go to law before the unjust, and not before the saints?
2 Do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if the world will be judged by you, are you unfit to judge the smallest matters?
3 Do you not know that we will judge angels? How much more things pertaining to this life?
4 If then you have judgments of things pertaining to this life, set them to judge who are least esteemed in the church.
5 I say this to your shame.  Is it so, that there is not among you one who is wise, who will be able to judge between their brethren;
6 but brethren going to law against brethren, and that before unbelievers?
7 Now therefore, a large fault already exists within you, in that you have lawsuits with one another.  Why not rather be wronged? Why not rather be defrauded?
8 No!  You do wrong, and defraud, and in that, even your brethren.
9 Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of Elohim? Do not be deceived, neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor sodomites,
10 nor thieves, nor the covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortionists, will inherit the kingdom of Elohim.
11 And such were some of you, but you were washed; but you were sanctified; but you were justified in the Name of the Master YEHOSHUA, and by The Holy Spirit of our Elohim.
12 All things are lawful for me, but not all things are profitable.  All things are lawful for me, but I will not be brought under the power of any.
13 Food is for the belly and the belly is for food, but Elohim will do away with both of them.  Yet the body is not for fornication, but for the Master, and the Master is for the body.
14 And Elohim has both raised the Master, and will also raise us up by His power.
15 Do you not know that your bodies are members of Messiah? Shall I then take away the members of Messiah, and make them members with a whore? May it never be!
16 Do you not know that those who join themselves to a whore are one body with that whore? For He says, “They shall become one flesh.” 7
17 But those who join themselves to the Master are one Spirit with Him.
18 Flee from fornication.  Every other sin that we might commit is outside the body, but fornicators sin against their own body.
19 Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the The Holy Spirit Who is in you, Whom you have from Elohim, and that you are not your own?
20 For you have been bought with a price; therefore glorify Elohim in your body and in your spirit, which are Elohim’s.



Now concerning the things about which you wrote:  It is good for a man not to touch a woman.
2 But because of fornication, let every man have his own wife; and let every woman have her own husband.
3 Let the husband render unto his wife due kindness, and likewise also the wife unto her husband.
4 The wife does not have authority over her own body, but the husband does; and likewise also the husband does not have authority over his own body, but the wife does.
5 Do not deprive one another except with consent for a time, so that you may give yourselves to fasting and prayer, and come together again, so that Satan will not tempt you because of your lack of self-control.
6 But this I say by permission, not of command.
7 For I wish that all men were even as I myself.  But each man has his own gift from Elohim, one in this manner, and another in that.
8 I say therefore to the unmarried and widows, that it is good for them if they remain even as I.
9 But if they cannot contain themselves, let them marry; for it is better to marry than to burn.
10 And to the married I command, not I, but the Master, that the wife should not leave her husband,
11 but if she does leave, let her remain unmarried, or else be reconciled to her husband; and that the husband should not send away his wife.
12 But to the rest I say, not the Master; that if any brother has a wife who is an unbeliever, and she is pleased to dwell with him, he must not put her away.
13 And the woman who has an unbelieving husband, and if he is pleased to dwell with her, let her not put her husband away.
14 For the unbelieving husband is sanctified through his wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified through her believing husband.  Otherwise your children are unclean; but now they are holy.
15 But if the unbeliever departs, let them depart; the brother or the sister is not under bondage in such cases.  But Elohim has called us to peace.
16 For how do you know, O wife, whether you will save your husband? Or how do you know, O husband, whether you will save your wife?
17 Only as Elohim has distributed to each one; as the Master has called them, so let them walk.  And so I command in all the churches.
18 Was any man called being circumcised? He is not to become uncircumcised.  Is anyone called not being circumcised? He is not to be circumcised.
19 Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of the commandments of Elohim.
20 Let each person remain in that condition in which they were called.
21 Were you called being a servant? Care not about it, but if you are able to become free, rather do that.
22 For those who are called in the Master while servants are free in the Master; likewise those who are called while free are Messiah’s servants.
23 You were bought with a price, do not become servants of mankind.
24 Brethren, let each one, in the condition in which they were called, remain with Elohim.
25 Now concerning virgins I have no command of the Master, but I give my judgment, as one who has obtained mercy from the Master to be trustworthy.
26 I think therefore that this is good, in view of the present distress, that it is good for a person to remain as they are.
27 Are you bound to a wife? Do not seek to be released.  Are you released from a wife? Do not seek a wife.
28 But if you marry, you have not sinned; and if a virgin marries, she has not sinned. Nevertheless such will have trouble in the flesh, and I wish to spare you.
29 But this I say, brethren, the time is short.  It remains, that both they who have wives, be as though they had none;
30 and those who weep, as though they did not weep; and those who rejoice, as though they did not rejoice; and those who buy, as though they do not possess;
31 and those who use the world, as not abusing it, for the fashion of this world is passing away.
32 But I want you to be without care, for those who are unmarried are concerned about the things of the Master; how they may please the Master,
33 but those who are married are concerned about the things of the world; how they may please their wife.
34 There is a difference between a wife and a virgin.  The unmarried woman cares for the things of the Master, that she may be holy; both in body and spirit, but those who are married are concerned about the things of the world, how they may please their husband.
35 And this I say for your own well-being; not to put a snare upon you, but for that which is honorable; and that you might attend upon the Master without distraction.
36 But if any man thinks that he is acting dishonorably toward a virgin, and if she is past the flower of her youth, and if it is necessary, let them do as they wish; they do not sin; let them marry.
37 But those who stand steadfast in their hearts, having no necessity, who have authority over their own will, and have decided this in their own heart, to keep their own virginity; they will do well.
38 So then those who join in marriage do well, but those who do not join in marriage do better.
39 A wife is bound by the law as long as her husband lives, but if her husband dies, she is free to be married to whom she wills, only in the Master.
40 But she is happier if she remains as she is, in my judgment.  And I think I also have The Spirit of Elohim.



Now regarding things sacrificed to idols; we know that we all have knowledge; knowledge puffs up, but love edifies.
2 If anyone supposes that they know anything, they known nothing yet as they ought to know;
3 but if anyone loves Elohim, they are known by Him.
4 Therefore concerning the eating of things sacrificed to idols, we know that an idol is nothing in the world, and that there is no other Elohim but One.
5 For even though there are those who are called el, whether in heaven or on earth, as indeed there are many el, and many lords,
6 yet for us there is but One El; the Father, from Whom are all things, and we exist for Him; and one Master, YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach, by Whom are all things, and we exist through Him.
7 However not everyone has this knowledge, but some, in whose conscience is the idol until now, eat as if it were sacrificed unto an idol, and their conscience, being weak, is defiled.
8 But food does not commend us to Elohim, for we are neither the worse if we do not eat, nor the better if we do eat.
9 But take heed lest by any means this liberty of yours becomes a stumbling block to the weak.
10 For if anyone sees you, who have knowledge, sit and eat in an idol’s temple, will not the conscience of those who are weak be strengthened to eat things sacrificed to idols?
11 For through your knowledge those who are weak are ruined; the brethren for whose sake Messiah died.
12 And when you sin so against the brethren, and wound their weak conscience, you sin against Messiah.
13 Therefore, if food causes my brethren to stumble, I will eat no flesh while the world stands, lest I make my brethren stumble.



Am I not an apostle? Am I not free? Have I not seen YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach our Master? Are you not my work in the Master?
2 If I am not an apostle to others, yet without doubt I am to you, for you are the seal of my apostleship in the Master.
3 My defense to those who examine me is this:
4 Do we not have a right to eat and drink?
5 Do we not have a right to take along a believing sister as wife, just as the other apostles, and the brothers of the Master and Cephas?
6 Or do only Barnabas and I not have a right to refrain from working?
7 Who at any time serves as a soldier at his own expense? Who plants a vineyard, and does not eat the fruit of it? Or who tends a flock and does not use the milk of the flock?
8 Am I saying these things in the flesh? Or does the Law not also say the same thing?
9 For it is written in the Law of Moses, “You shall not muzzle the ox while he is threshing.”  Is Elohim concerned about the ox, 8
10 or is He speaking altogether for our sake? For our sake it is written, so that those who plow should plow in hope; and that those who thresh should thresh in hope; that they should be partakers in their hope.
11 If we have sown unto you spiritual things, is it a great thing if we should reap of you carnal things?
12 If others are partakers of this power over you, do we not more? Nevertheless, we have not used this power, but we endure all things, lest we should hinder the gospel of Messiah.
13 Do you not know that those who minister in the holy things live off the food of the temple, and those who attend to the altar are partakers with the altar?
14 Even so has the Master commanded that those who preach the gospel should live off the gospel.
15 But I have used none of these things; nor have I written of these things so that it would be done unto me.  For it would be better for me to die than have anybody void my boasting.
16 For although I preach the gospel, I have nothing to boast of, for it is laid upon me; for woe is me if I do not preach the gospel.
17 For if I do this willingly, I have a reward, but if against my will, I have a stewardship committed unto me.
18 What then is my reward? That, when I preach the gospel, I may give the gospel of Messiah gratuitously, so that I might not abuse my power in the gospel.
19 For though I am free from all, I have made myself a servant to all, so that I might gain the more.
20 To the Yehudi I became as a Yehudi, so that I might win Yehudi; to those who are under the Law, as under the Law, so that I might win those who are under the Law;
21 to those who are without law, as without law; being not without law unto Elohim, but under the law of Messiah, so that I might win those who are without law.
22 To the weak I became weak, that I might win the weak; I am made all things to all, so that by all means I might save some.
23 And this I do for the gospel’s sake, so that I might be a partaker of it.
24 Do you not know that those who run in a race all run, but only one receives the prize? So run in such a way that you may win.
25 And everyone who competes for a prize exercises self-control in all things.  And they do it to obtain a corruptible crown, but we, an incorruptible.
26 I therefore run in such a way, as not without certainty; I fight in such a way, as not beating the air;
27 but I subdue my body, and bring it into subjection, so that by any means, after I have preached to others, I myself should be rejected.



Moreover, brethren, I do not want you to be unknowing, that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea;
2 and all were baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;
3 and all did eat the same spiritual food;
4 and all did drink the same spiritual drink; for they drank from that spiritual Rock that followed them; and that Rock was Messiah.
5 But Elohim was not well pleased with many of them, and they were overthrown in the wilderness.
6 Now these things were examples for us, so that we would not lust after evil things, as they also lusted.
7 Do not be idolaters, as were some of them; as it is written, “The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play;” 9
8 nor let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and in one day twenty-three thousand fell;
9 nor let us tempt the Master, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed by the serpents;
10 nor murmur, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed by the destroyer.
11 Now all these things happened to them as examples, and they were written for our warning, upon whom the end of the world has come.
12 Therefore let those who think they stand take heed, so that they do not fall.
13 No temptation has overtaken you but such as is common to humankind, but Elohim is faithful, Who will not allow you to be tempted beyond what you are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, so that you might be able to endure it.
14 Therefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry.
15 I speak as to those who are wise; you judge what I say.
16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Messiah? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Messiah?
17 For we, being many, are one bread, and one body; for we are all partakers of that one bread.
18 Behold Israel after the flesh; are they not those who eat of the sacrifices partakers of the altar?
19 What do I mean then? That the idol is anything, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is anything?
20 But that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils and not to Elohim; and I would prefer that you not have fellowship with devils.
21 You cannot drink the cup of the Master, and the cup of devils; you cannot partake of the Master’s table, and the table of devils.
22 Do we provoke the Master to jealousy? We are not stronger than He, are we?
23 All things are lawful for me, but not all things are expedient.  All things are lawful for me, but not all things edify.
24 Let no one seek their own good, but that of their neighbor.
25 Whatever is sold in the meat market, eat, without asking questions for conscience’ sake;
26 for, “The earth is YEHOWAH’S, and the fullness thereof.” 10
27 If any one of those who do not believe invite you, and you desire to go; eat whatever is set before you, without asking questions for conscience’ sake.
28 But if anyone says to you, “This is meat sacrificed unto idols,” eat not for the sake of the one who told you, and for conscience’ sake.
29 I mean not your own conscience, but the other person’s, for why is my liberty judged by another person’s conscience?
30 For if by grace I am a partaker, why am I defamed for that for which I give thanks?
31 Whether therefore, you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of Elohim.
32 Give no offense, either to Yehudi or to Gentiles, or to the church of Elohim,
33 for as I please all in all, not seeking my own profit, but the profit of the many, so that they may be saved.



Be imitators of me, as I also am of Messiah.
2 Now I praise you, brethren, because you remember me in all things, and keep the ordinances, as I delivered them to you.
3 But I want you to know, that the head of every man is Messiah, and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Messiah is YEHOWAH Elohim.
4 Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonors his head;
5 but every woman who prays or prophesies with her head uncovered, dishonors her head, for that is the same as if she had her head shaved.
6 For if a woman does not cover her head, let her also be shorn.  But if it is a disgrace for a woman to be shorn or shaven, let her be covered.
7 For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, since he is the image and glory of Elohim, but the woman is the glory of man.
8 For man is not of the woman, but the woman is of the man.
9 Neither was the man created for the woman; but the woman for the man.
10 Therefore the woman ought to have authority on her head because of the angels.
11 However, in the Master, neither is the man without the woman, nor is the woman without the man.
12 For as the woman is from the man, even so the man is by the woman; and all things are from Elohim.
13 Judge in yourself:  Is it suitable for a woman to pray unto Elohim with her head uncovered?
14 Does not even nature itself teach you, that, if a man has long hair, it is a dishonor unto him,
15 but if a woman has long hair, it is a glory unto her? For her hair is given to her for a covering.
16 But if one is inclined to be contentious, we have no such custom, nor the churches of Elohim.
17 Now in this declaration, I do not praise you, because you come together not for the better, but for the worse.
18 For first of all, when you come together as an assembly, I hear that divisions exist among you; and I in part believe it.
19 For there must also be heresy among you, so that those who are approved may be made manifest among you.
20 When you come together therefore into one place, it is not to eat the Master’s Supper,
21 for in eating, each one takes before his own supper; and one is hungry and another is drunk.
22 What? Do you not have houses in which to eat and drink? Or do you despise the assembly of Elohim, and shame those who have nothing? What shall I say to you? Shall I praise you in this? I praise you not!
23 For I received from the Master that which I also delivered unto you, that the Master YEHOSHUA, on the night in which He was betrayed, took bread,
24 and having given thanks, He broke it and said, “Take, eat.  This is My body, which is broken for you; do this in remembrance of Me.”
25 In the same manner also He took the cup, after He had dined, saying, “This cup is the New Covenant in My blood; do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.”
26 For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you declare the Master’s death until He comes.
27 Therefore whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Master, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and the blood of the Master.
28 But let each examine themselves, and in so doing let them eat of the bread, and drink of the cup.
29 For those who eat and drink unworthily, eat and drink damnation unto themselves, not discerning the Master’s body rightly.
30 For this reason many among you are weak and sick, and many sleep.
31 But if we judged ourselves rightly, we would not be judged.
32 But when we are judged, we are disciplined by the Master, so that we should not be condemned along with the world.
33 Therefore, my brethren, when you come together to eat, wait for one another;
34 and if anyone is hungry, let them eat at home, so that you will not come together for judgment.  And the rest I will set in order when I come.



Now concerning spiritual gifts, brethren, I would not have you be unknowing.
2 You know that when you were Gentiles, you were led astray to the mute idols, however you were led.
3 Therefore I make known to you that no one speaking by The Holy Spirit of Elohim says, “YEHOSHUA is accursed”; and no one can say, “YEHOSHUA is Master,” except by The Holy Spirit.
4 Now there are different gifts, but the same Spirit.
5 And there are different ministries, but the same Master.
6 And there are different effects, but the same Elohim works all things in all.
7 But the manifestation of The Holy Spirit is given to each person for the benefit of all.
8 For to one is given by The Holy Spirit the word of wisdom; and to another the word of knowledge by the same Holy Spirit;
9 to another faith by the same Holy Spirit, and to another gifts of healing by that One Holy Spirit;
10 and to another the working of miracles; and to another prophecy, and to another the discerning of spirits; to another languages of the nations, and to another the translation of languages.
11 But all these work through the One same Holy Spirit, distributing to each one individually just as He wills.
12 For just as the body is one, and yet has many members, and all the members of the body, being many, are one body, so also is Messiah!
13 For by One Holy Spirit we are all baptized into one body, whether Yehudi or Gentile; whether servants or free, and we have all been made to drink of One Holy Spirit.
14 For the body is not one member, but many.
15 If the foot says, “Because I am not a hand, I am not a part of the body,” is it therefore any the less a part of the body?
16 And if the ear says, “Because I am not an eye, I am not a part of the body,” is it therefore any the less a part of the body?
17 If the whole body were an eye, where is the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where is the sense of smell?
18 But now Elohim has set the members, each one of them, in the body, just as it has pleased Him.
19 And if they were all one member, where would the body be?
20 But now there are many members, but one body.
21 And the eye cannot say to the hand, “I have no need of you”; or again the head to the feet, “I have no need of you.”
22 No, but much more, those members of the body, which seem to be more feeble, are necessary;
23 and those members of the body, which we think less honorable, upon these we bestow more abundant honor, so that our uncomely members have more comeliness;
24 so that our comely members have no need.  For Elohim has assimilated the body, having given more abundant honor to that which lacked,
25 so that there should be no division in the body; but that the members should have the same care, one for another.
26 And if one member suffers, all the members suffer with it; or if one member is honored, all the members rejoice with it.
27 Now you are Messiah’s body, and members in particular.
28 And Elohim has appointed in the church, first apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, languages of nations.
29 Are all apostles? Are all prophets? Are all teachers? Are all workers of miracles?
30 Have all the gifts of healing? Do all speak the languages of the nations? Do all interpret languages?
31 But earnestly covet the better gifts; and I show you yet a more excellent way.



Though I speak with the languages of mankind and of angels, but do not have love, I have become a noisy vessel or a clanging cymbal.
2 And though I have prophecy, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, but do not have love, I am nothing.
3 And though I give all my possessions to feed the poor, and though I surrender my body to be burned, but do not have love, it profits me nothing.
4 Love is patient, and is kind; love does not envy; love does not brag, and is not arrogant;
5 does not act unbecomingly; it does not seek its own; is not easily provoked; thinks no evil;
6 rejoices not in unrighteousness, but rejoices in the truth;
7 bears all things; believes all things; hopes all things; endures all things.
8 Love never fails!  But if there are gifts of prophecy, they will vanish; if there are languages, they will cease; if there is knowledge, it will vanish.
9 For we know in part, and we prophesy in part,
10 but when that which is Perfect comes, the partial will vanish.
11 When I was a child, I spoke like a child; I understood like a child, I thought like a child.  But when I became a man, the childish things vanished.
12 For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face.  Now I know in part, but then I will know even as I also am known.
13 And now abide in faith, hope, love, these three; but the greatest of these is love.



Pursue love, and desire spiritual gifts, but even more that you may prophesy.
2 For one who speaks in an unnaturally acquired language does not speak to mankind, but to Elohim; for no one understands, but in their spirit they speak mysteries.
3 But one who prophesies speaks to mankind for edification, and exhortation, and comfort.
4 One who speaks in an unnaturally acquired language edifies themselves, but one who prophesies edifies the church.
5 Now I wish that you all spoke in the languages of nations, but even more that you would prophesy; and greater is one who prophesies than one who speaks in languages of nations, unless they also interpret, so that the church may receive edifying.
6 But now, brethren, if I come to you speaking in the languages of the nations, what will I profit you unless I speak to you either by way of revelation, or by knowledge, or by prophecy, or by teaching?
7 And even lifeless things giving sound, whether flute or harp, unless they give a distinction in the sounds, how will it be known what is piped or harped?
8 For if the trumpet produces an indistinct sound, who will prepare for battle?
9 So also you, unless you utter in the languages words that are easily understood, how will it be known what is spoken? For you will be speaking into the air!
10 There are, it may be, a great many kinds of languages in the world, and no kind is without significance.
11 Therefore if I do not know the meaning of the language, I will be unto the one who speaks a barbarian, and the one who speaks will be a barbarian to me.
12 Even so you, forasmuch as you are zealous of spiritual gifts, seek that you might excel to the edifying of the church.
13 Therefore, let one who speaks in a language of the nations, pray that they might also interpret,
14 for if I pray in a language, my spirit prays, but my understanding is unfruitful.
15 What is it then? I will pray with The Spirit, and I will pray with understanding also; I will sing with The Spirit, and I will sing with understanding also.
16 Otherwise when you bless with The Spirit, how will the one who fills up the room of the unlearned say, “Amen” at your giving of thanks, seeing that they do not understand what you are saying?
17 For you are truly giving thanks, but the others are not edified.
18 I thank my Elohim, I speak in the languages of nations more than you all;
19 yet in the church, I would rather speak five words with understanding, so that I might teach others, than ten thousand words in an unknown language.
20 Brethren, do not be children in your understanding.  In evil be children, but in your understanding be mature.
21 In the Law it is written, “With stammering lips and another tongue He will speak to this people, and even so they will not hear Me,” says the Master. 11
22 Therefore languages of nations are for a sign, not to those who believe, but to those who do not believe; but prophecy is not for those who do not believe, but for those who believe.
23 If therefore the whole church assembles together into one place, and all speak in languages of nations, and the ungifted or non-believers enter, will they not say that you are mad?
24 But if all prophesy, and there comes in a non-believer, or the unlearned, they are convicted of all; they are examined through all;
25 and the secrets of their heart is disclosed; and so they will fall on their face and worship Elohim, declaring that Elohim is certainly among you.
26 What is it then, brethren? When you assemble together, each one has a psalm; has a teaching; has a language; has a revelation, or has an interpretation.  Let all things be done for edification.
27 If anyone speaks in a language of nations, it should be by two or at the most three, and each in turn; and one must interpret,
28 but if there is no interpreter, they must keep silent in the church; and let them speak to themselves and to Elohim.
29 Let two or three prophets speak, and let the others discern.
30 But if a revelation is made to another who is seated, let the first keep silent.
31 For you may all prophesy one by one, so that all may learn, and all may be comforted;
32 and the spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets,
33 for Elohim is not of confusion, but of peace; as in all the churches of the saints.
34 Let your women keep silent in the churches, for it is not permitted for them to speak; but are to subject themselves, just as the law also says.
35 And if they will learn anything, let them ask their own husbands at home, for it is shameful for women to speak in the assembly.
36 What? Did the word of Elohim come from you? Or has it come to you only?
37 If anyone thinks they are a prophet or spiritual, let them acknowledge that the things that I write unto you are the commandments of the Master!
38 But if any ignore this, let them be ignored.
39 Therefore, my brethren, covet that you may prophesy, and do not forbid to speak in languages of the nations,
40 but let all things be done decently, and in order.



Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also you have received, and in which you stand;
2 by which also you are saved, if you keep in memory what I preached to you, unless you have believed in vain.
3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, that Messiah died for our sins according to the Scriptures;
4 and that He was buried; and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures;
5 and that He was seen by Cephas, then by the twelve.
6 After that He was seen by more than five hundred brethren at once; most of whom remain until now, but some have fallen asleep.
7 After that, He was seen by James, then again by all the apostles;
8 and last of all, as to one untimely born, He appeared to me also.
9 For I am the least of the apostles, and not fit to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of Elohim.
10 But by the grace of Elohim I am what I am, and His grace, which was bestowed upon me, was not in vain; but I labored more abundantly than all of them, yet not I, but the grace of Elohim which was with me.
11 Therefore, whether it be I or they, so we preach, and so you believed.
12 Now if Messiah is preached, that He rose from the dead, how do some of you say that there is no resurrection of the dead?
13 But if there is no resurrection of the dead, not even Messiah has been raised;
14 and if Messiah has not been raised, then our preaching is vain; your faith also is vain.
15 Moreover, we are found to be false witnesses of Elohim, because we have testified of Elohim that He raised Messiah; Whom He did not raise, if in fact the dead are not raised.
16 For if the dead are not raised, not even Messiah has been raised;
17 and if Messiah has not been raised, your faith is vain; you are still in your sins;
18 then those also who have fallen asleep in Messiah have perished.
19 If in this life only we have hoped in Messiah, we are of all mankind most to be pitied.
20 But now Messiah has risen from the dead, and become the first fruits of those that sleep.
21 For since by a man came death, by a man also came the resurrection of the dead.
22 For as in Adam all die, so also in Messiah all will be made alive.
23 But each in their own order:  Messiah the first fruits; afterward those who are Messiah’s at His coming;
24 then comes the end, when He delivers up the kingdom to El, even the Father; when He has abolished all rule, and all authority and power.
25 For He must reign until He has put all His enemies under His feet.
26 The last enemy that will be abolished is death.
27 For He, “Has put all things under His feet.” But when He says, “All things are put in subjection,” it is evident that He is excepted, Who put all things in subjection to Him. 12
28 And when all things are subjected unto Him, then the Son Himself also will be subjected to the One Who subjected all things unto Him, so that Elohim may be all in all.
29 Or else what will those do who are baptized for the dead, if the dead are not raised at all? Why then are they baptized for the dead?
30 And why do we stand in danger every hour?
31 I assure you, brethren, by the boasting which I have in Messiah YEHOSHUA our Master, I die daily.
32 If in the manner of mankind I fought with wild beasts at Ephesus, what does it profit me? If the dead are not raised, “Let us eat and drink; for tomorrow we will die.” 13
33 Be not deceived:  Evil companionship corrupts good morals.
34 Awake to righteousness, and sin not, for some do not have the knowledge of Elohim.  I speak this to your shame.
35 But someone will say, “How are the dead raised? And with what body do they come?”
36 You fool!  That which you sow does not come to life, unless it dies,
37 and that which you sow, you do not sow the body that shall be, but bare grain, perchance of wheat or of something else.
38 But Elohim gives it a body as it pleases Him; and to every seed its own body.
39 All flesh is not the same flesh, but there is one flesh of men, and another flesh of beasts, and another of fish, and another of birds.
40 Also there are heavenly bodies and earthly bodies, but the glory of the heavenly is one, and the glory of the earthly is another.
41 There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars; for star differs from star in glory.
42 So also is the resurrection of the dead.  It is sown in corruption, it is raised in incorruption;
43 it is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory; it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power.
44 It is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body.  If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body.
45 And so it is written, “The first man, Adam, became a living soul.”  The last Adam became a life-giving Spirit.
46 However, the spiritual is not first, but the natural; and afterward the spiritual.
47 The first man is from the earth, earthy; the second Man is the Master from heaven.
48 As is the earthy, so also are those who are earthy; and as is the heavenly, so also are those who are heavenly.
49 And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we will also bear the image of the heavenly.
50 Now I say this, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of Elohim; nor does corruption inherit the incorruption.
51 Behold, I tell you a mystery; we will not all sleep, but we will all be changed.
52 In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible; and we will be changed.
53 For this corruptible must put on the incorruptible, and this mortal must put on immortality.
54 So when this corruptible will have put on the incorruptible, and this mortal will have put on immortality, then it will come to pass the saying that is written, “He will swallow up death in victory.” 14
55 “O death, I will be your plagues.  O grave, I will be your destruction.” 15
56 The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the Law,
57 but thanks be unto Elohim, Who gives us the victory through our Master YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach.
58 Therefore, my beloved brethren, be steadfast, immovable, always abounding in the work of the Master; knowing that your labor is not in vain in the Master.



Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I have commanded the churches of Galatia, so do you also.
2 On the first of every week, let each of you lay aside and save, as each may prosper, so that there be no collections made when I come.
3 And when I come, whoever you may approve by letters, them will I send to carry your gift to Jerusalem;
4 and if it is fitting that I go also, they will go with me.
5 But I will come to you after I go through Macedonia, for I am going through Macedonia;
6 and it may be that I remain and winter with you, that you may send me on my journey wherever I may go.
7 For I do not wish to see you now in passing, but I hope to remain with you, if the Master permits.
8 But I will remain in Ephesus until Pentecost;
9 for a great door and opportunity has opened unto me, and there are many adversaries.
10 Now if Timothy comes, see that he may be with you without fear; for he is doing the Master’s work, as am I.
11 So let no one despise him!  But send him on his way in peace, so that he may come to me; for I expect him to be with the brethren.
12 As concerning our brother Apollos, I greatly desired for him to come to you with the brethren, but it was not at all his will to come at this time; but he will come when he has opportunity.
13 Watch, and stand fast in the faith; in maturity, be strong.
14 Let all that you do be done in love.
15 Now I urge you, brethren (you know the household of Stephanas, that they were the first fruits of Achaia, and that they have addicted themselves to the ministry of the saints);
16 that you submit yourselves unto such, and to everyone who helps in the work and labor.
17 I rejoice over the coming of Stephanas and Fortunatus and Achaicus, for they have supplied that which was lacking on your part.
18 For they have refreshed my spirit and yours.  Therefore, acknowledge such as these.
19 The churches of Asia greet you.  Aquila and Prisca greet you heartily in the Master, with the church that is in their house.
20 All the brethren greet you.  Greet one another with a holy kiss.
21 This greeting from Paul is in my own hand.
22 If anyone does not love the Master, let them be accursed.  Maranatha!
23 The grace of the Master YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach be with you.
24 My love with you all in Messiah YEHOSHUA.  Amen!


1 Isaiyeh 29:14
2 Yeremiyeh 9:23 ff
3 Isaiyeh 64:4; 65:17
4 Job 15:8
5 Psalm 94:11
6 Deuteronomy 13:5; 17:7,12
7 Genesis 2:24
8 Deuteronomy 25:4
9 Exodus 32:4-6
10 Psalm 24:1
11 Isaiyeh 28:11 ff
12 Psalm 8:6
13 Isaiyeh 22:13
14 Isaiyeh 25:8
15 Hosea 13:14

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Lawrence T. Vosen, PhD.