Paul’s Letter to the Church in Rome

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Paul, a servant of YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach, called as an apostle, separated unto the gospel of Elohim,
2 which He promised beforehand through His prophets in the Holy Scriptures,
3 concerning His Son, YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach, our Master, Who was born a seed of David according to the flesh,
4 and declared the Son of Elohim with power, according to The Spirit of Holiness, by the resurrection from the dead;
5 by Whom we have received grace and apostleship, for the obedience to the faith among all the nations; for His Name,
6 among whom you also are the called of YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach;
7 to all who are in Rome, beloved of Elohim, called saints; Grace to you and peace from El our Father and Master YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach.
8 First, I thank my Elohim through YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach for you all, because your faith is proclaimed throughout the whole world.
9 For Elohim is my witness, Whom I serve in my spirit in the gospel of His Son, how unceasingly I make mention of you,
10 always in my prayers making request, if perhaps now at last, I might prosperously journey, by the will of Elohim, to come unto you.
11 For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you some spiritual gift, to the end that you may be established,
12 and that now I may be comforted together with you, by our mutual faith; both yours and mine.
13 Now I do not want you to be ignorant, brethren, that often I have proposed to come to you (but have been hindered so far) so that I might have some fruit through you also, even as among other Gentiles.
14 I am obligated both to the Greeks and to the Barbarians; both to the wise and to the unwise.
15 So as for me, I am ready to preach the gospel to you also who are in Rome,
16 for I am not ashamed of the gospel of Messiah, for it is the power of Elohim unto salvation to everyone who believes; to the Yehudi first and also to the Greek.
17 For in this the righteousness of Elohim is revealed from faith to faith, as it is written, “But the righteous shall live by faith.” 1
18 For the wrath of Elohim is revealed from heaven against all irreverence and unrighteousness of mankind, who suppress the truth in unrighteousness,
19 because that which is known about Elohim is manifest in them, for Elohim has shown it to them.
20 For the invisible things of Him, from the creation of the world, are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made; both His Power and Divinity, so that that they are without excuse,
21 because even though they knew Elohim, they did not glorify Him as Elohim, or give thanks, but they became vain in their reasoning, and their foolish hearts were darkened.
22 Professing to be wise, they became fools,
23 and changed the glory of the incorruptible Elohim for an image made like corruptible humans, and of birds, and four-footed beasts, and creeping things.
24 Therefore Elohim also gave them up to impurity through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonor their own bodies between themselves,
25 for they changed the truth of Elohim into a lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, Who is blessed forever.  Amen!
26 For this reason Elohim surrendered them to disgraceful lusts; for even their women changed the natural function for that which is against nature,
27 and likewise also the men, leaving the natural function of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men doing that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves the due penalty of their error.
28 And just as they did not approve of or retain any knowledge of Elohim, Elohim surrendered them to a reprobate mind, to do things that are not fitting,
29 being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, greed, evil malice; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malignity; slanderers,
30 backbiters, haters of Elohim, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents;
31 without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving, implacable, unmerciful;
32 who knowing the judgment of Elohim, that those who do such things are worthy of death, they not only do the same, but also give approval to those who do them.



Therefore you are inexcusable, O people; whosoever you are that judges, for in whatever you judge another, you condemn yourself, for you who judge do the same things.
2 But we know that the judgment of Elohim is in accord with the truth, against those who do such things.
3 And do you think this, O people, that when you judge those who do such things, and do the same, that you will escape the judgment of Elohim?
4 Or do you despise the riches of His kindness and tolerance and patience, not knowing that the kindness of Elohim leads you to repentance?
5 But according to your hardness and unrepentant heart, you are storing up for yourselves wrath in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of Elohim;
6 Who, “Will render to every person according to their work.” 2
7 To those who by patience in doing good seek for glory and honor and immortality; Eternal life,
8 but to those who are utterly contentious and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness; wrath and indignation.
9 Tribulation and anguish upon every soul of humanity that does evil; of the Yehudi first and also of the Gentile.
10 But glory, and honor, and peace, to everyone who does good; to the Yehudi first and also to the Gentile.
11 For there is no favoritism with Elohim,
12 for as many as have sinned without the law, will also perish without the law, and as many as have sinned under the law, will be judged by the law,
13 for not the hearers of the law are just before Elohim, but the doers of the law will be justified.
14 For when Gentiles, who do not have the law, do by nature the things of the law, these, not having the law, are a law unto themselves,
15 who show the work of the law written in their hearts; their conscience bearing witness, and their thoughts either accusing or else defending them
16 on the day when Elohim will judge the secrets of mankind, through YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach, according to my gospel.
17 But if you bear the name “Yehudi” and rest upon the law, and boast in Elohim,
18 and know His will, and approve that which is excellent, being instructed out of the law,
19 and are confident that you yourself are a guide to the blind; a light for those who are in darkness;
20 an instructor of the foolish; a teacher of the childish, having in the law the form of knowledge and of the truth;
21 you, therefore, who teach others, do you not teach yourself? You who preach against stealing, do you steal?
22 You who speak against adultery, do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you commit sacrilege?
23 You who boast in the law, through breaking the law, do you dishonor Elohim?
24 For “The Name of Elohim is blasphemed among the Gentiles, because of you,” just as it is written.
25 For circumcision indeed is profitable if you keep the law, but if you are a transgressor of the law, your circumcision is made uncircumcision.
26 Therefore, if the uncircumcised keep the ordinances of the law, will not their uncircumcision be reckoned as circumcision?
27 And will not uncircumcision, which is by nature, if it keeps the law, judge you, who though having the letter and circumcision, are a transgressor of the law?
28 For they are not Yehudi, who are one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh,
29 but they are Yehudi who are inwardly, and circumcision is of the heart, by The Spirit, not by the letter, and their praise is not from mankind, but from Elohim.



What advantage do the Yehudi have then? Or what profit is circumcision?
2 Much in every way.  Mainly, in that they were entrusted with the oracles of Elohim.
3 What then if some did not believe? Does their unfaithfulness nullify the faithfulness of Elohim?
4 May it never be!  Instead, let Elohim be found true, and every human a liar, as it is written, “That you are justified when you speak and innocent when judged.”4
5 But if our unrighteousness commends the righteousness of Elohim, what shall we say? The Elohim who brings wrath is not unrighteous, is He? (I am speaking in human terms).
6 May it never be!  For otherwise, how will Elohim judge the world?
7 But if the truth of Elohim abounds through my lie, to His glory, why am I also still being judged as a sinner?
8 And why not (as we are slanderously reported, and as some state that we say), “Let us do evil, so that good may come”? Their condemnation is just.
9 What then? Are we better? Not at all, for we have already proven that both Yehudi and Gentiles are all under sin,
10 as it is written, “They have altogether become filthy; none do good, not even one.” 5
11 “There are none who understand; who seek Elohim.” 6
12 “They have all turned aside, together they have become filthy; there are none who do good, not even one.”7
13 “Their throat is an open grave; they flatter with their tongues,” and, “Adders poison is under their lips;” 8
14 “Their mouth is full of cursing, deceit and oppression,”9 and,
15 “Their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed innocent blood.” 10
16 “Destruction and misery are in their way”, and,
17 “They know not the way of peace,” 11 for,
18 “There is no fear of Elohim before their eyes.”12
19 Now we know that whatever the law says, it speaks to those who are under the law, so that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty unto Elohim.
20 Therefore, by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified in His sight, for by the law is the knowledge of sin.
21 But now the righteousness of Elohim without the law is made manifest, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;
22 even the righteousness of Elohim through faith in YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach unto all, and upon all who believe, for there is no difference.
23 For all have sinned and come short of the glory of Elohim;
24 being justified freely by His grace through the deliverance that is in Messiah YEHOSHUA;
25 Whom Elohim set forth as a mercy seat through faith in His blood, to declare His righteousness through the remission of sins previously committed; through the tolerance of Elohim,
26 to declare His righteousness at this time, so that He would be just, and the justifier, of those who have faith in YEHOSHUA.
27 Where then is boasting? It is excluded.  By what, law? Or works? No, but by the law of faith.
28 Therefore, we conclude that a person is justified by faith without works of the law.
29 Is Elohim of the Yehudi only? Is He not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of Gentiles also,
30 seeing it is indeed One Elohim, Who will justify the circumcised by faith, and the uncircumcised through faith.
31 Do we then void the law through faith? May it never be!  On the contrary, we establish the law.



What shall we say then that Abraham, our father according to the flesh, has found?
2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he can boast, but not before Elohim.
3 For what does Scripture say of Abraham? “He believed Elohim, and He reckoned it to him as righteousness.” 13
4 Now to those who work, their wage is not reckoned as a favor, but as debt.
5 But those who do not work, but believe on Him Who justifies the irreverent, their faith is reckoned as righteousness;
6 even as David also describes the blessedness of those, unto whom Elohim reckons righteousness without works:
7 “How blessed are they whose transgression is forgiven; whose sin is covered.
8 How blessed are they unto whom YEHOWAH does not impute iniquity.” 14
9 Is this blessing then on the circumcised or on the uncircumcised also? For we say, “Faith was reckoned unto Abraham as righteousness.”
10 How then was it reckoned? When he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but while in uncircumcision.
11 And he received the sign of circumcision; a seal of the righteousness of the faith that he had while uncircumcised, so that he might be the father of all those who believe, though they are uncircumcised, so that righteousness might be imputed unto them also,
12 and the father of circumcision to those who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of the faith of our father Abraham, which he had while being uncircumcised.
13 For the promise, that he would be heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed through the law, but through the righteousness of faith,
14 for if those who are of the law are heirs, faith is made void, and the promise is made void,
15 because the law causes wrath.  But where there is no law, there is no transgression.
16 Therefore, it is by faith, through grace, that the promise is certain to all the seed, not only to those who are of the law, but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all;
17 (as it is written, “You shall be the father of many nations”) before Him in Whom he believed; Elohim, Who gives life to the dead, and calls into being things which are not, as though they were; 15
18 who against hope believed in hope, that he might become the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken, “So shall your seed be.” 16
19 And being not weak in faith, he considered not his own body as dead, being about one hundred years old, nor yet the deadness of Sarah’s womb;
20 and he wavered not at the promise of Elohim through unbelief, but was strong in faith, giving glory unto Elohim,
21 and being fully convinced that what Elohim had promised, He was also able to perform.
22 Therefore, it was reckoned to him as righteousness.
23 Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was reckoned to him,
24 but for us also, to whom it will be reckoned, if we believe on Him Who raised YEHOSHUA our Master from the dead;
25 Who was delivered up for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.



Therefore, being justified by faith, we have peace with Elohim through our Master YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach,
2 through Whom also we have access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of Elohim.
3 And not only this, but we also rejoice in our tribulations, knowing that tribulation produces patience,
4 and patience, experience, and experience, hope,
5 and hope does not shame, because the love of Elohim has been poured forth in our hearts by The Holy Spirit, Who is given unto us.
6 For while we were still without strength, at the proper time Messiah died for the irreverent,
7 for one will scarcely die for the righteous, though perhaps for the good some might even dare to die.
8 But Elohim commends His love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Messiah died for us.
9 Much more then, being now justified by His blood, we shall be delivered from wrath through Him,
10 for if while we were enemies, we were reconciled unto Elohim by the death of His Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be delivered by His life.
11 And not only this, but we also rejoice in Elohim through our Master YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach, by Whom we have now received the atonement.
12 Therefore, as through the one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin, and so death passed upon all mankind, because all have sinned;
13 (for until the law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law).
14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses; even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of Adam’s transgression, who is a pattern of Him Who was to come.
15 But the free gift is unlike the transgression, for if by the transgression of the one, many died, much more the grace of Elohim, and the gift by grace, through the one Man, YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach, abounds unto many.
16 And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned, for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is from many transgressions, resulting in justification.
17 For if by one person’s transgression, death reigned by the one, much more those who receive an abundance of grace, and of the gift of righteousness, will reign in life through the One, YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach.
18 Therefore, as through one transgression there resulted condemnation unto all mankind, even so through one act of righteousness there resulted justification of life unto all mankind.
19 For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of One shall the many be made righteous.
20 The law came, so that transgression would increase, but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more,
21 so that as sin reigned unto death, even so grace might reign through righteousness unto eternal life through YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach our Master.



What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin so that grace may abound?
2 Elohim forbid!  How shall we who are dead to sin still live in it?
3 Or know you not, that as many of us who are baptized unto YEHOSHUA ha Messiah have been baptized into His death?
4 Therefore we are buried with Him through baptism into death, so that as like Messiah was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we too should walk in newness of life,
5 for if we have come together in the likeness of His death, we shall also be of His resurrection,
6 knowing this, that our old self was crucified with Him, so that our body of sin might be destroyed, so that we should no longer be slaves to sin,
7 for the dead are free from sin.
8 Now if we are dead with Messiah, we believe that we shall also live with Him,
9 knowing that Messiah, raised from the dead, will die no more; death no longer has dominion over Him,
10 for the death that He died, He died to sin once for all, but the life that He lives, He lives unto Elohim.
11 Likewise reckon yourselves to be dead to sin, but alive unto Elohim through YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach, our Master.
12 Do not let sin, therefore, reign in your mortal body, that you should obey its lusts;
13 nor yield your body members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin, but yield yourselves unto Elohim, as those alive from the dead, and your body members as instruments of righteousness unto Elohim.
14 For sin shall not have dominion over you; for you are not under law, but under grace.
15 What then? Shall we sin because we are not under law but under grace? Elohim forbid!
16 Do you not know that to whom you yield yourselves as slaves to obey, you are slaves of that one whom you obey, whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?
17 But thanks be to Elohim, that though you were slaves of sin, you have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered unto you,
18 and being made free from sin, you became slaves of righteousness.
19 I speak humanly, because of the weakness of your flesh, for as you have yielded your body members as slaves to uncleanness and iniquity, resulting in greater iniquity, even so now yield your body members as slaves unto righteousness, resulting in holiness.
20 For when you were slaves of sin, you were free from righteousness.
21 Therefore, what fruit did you then have from those things of which you are now ashamed? For the end of those things is death.
22 But now, being free from sin and enslaved unto Elohim, you have your fruit unto holiness, and in the end, everlasting life,
23 for the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of Elohim is eternal life through YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach, our Master.



Or do you not know, brethren, for I am speaking to those who know the law, that the law has dominion over a person as long as they live?
2 Indeed, the married woman is bound to her husband by law, while he is alive, but when her husband dies, she is loosed from the law to her husband.
3 So then, if while her husband is living, she be with another man, she shall be called an adulteress, but if her husband dies, she is free from that law, so that she is not an adulteress, though she be to another man.
4 Therefore, my brethren, you also have become dead to the law through the body of Messiah, that you might be married to another; to Him Who was raised from the dead, that we might bring forth fruit unto Elohim.
5 For when we were in the flesh, the influence of sins, which were through the law, worked in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.
6 But now we have been delivered from the law, that being dead to what we were bound, we should serve in newness of The Spirit and not in oldness of the letter.
7 What shall we say then? Is the law sin? Elohim forbid!  No, I would not know sin, except through the law; for I would not know about coveting if the law had not said, “You shall not covet.” 17
8 But sin, taking occasion through the commandment, caused in me all manner of coveting, for without the law sin dies.
9 For I was once alive without the law, but when the commandment came, sin became alive and I died,
10 and the commandment, which was intended for life, I found to be death;
11 for sin, taking occasion through the commandment, deceived me, and through it, killed me.
12 Therefore the law is holy, and the commandment is holy, and righteous, and good.
13 Did then that which is good become death for me? Elohim forbid!  Indeed, it was sin, so that it might be shown to be sin, by producing my death through that which is good, so that through the commandment sin would become utterly sinful,
14 for we know that the law is spiritual, but I am carnal, sold under sin;
15 for that which I do, I do not understand, for I am not doing what I like, but I am doing the very thing I hate.
16 But if I do the very thing I do not want, I agree with the law, that the law is good.
17 So now it is no longer I that do it, but sin, which dwells in me,
18 for I know that in me, that is in my flesh, nothing good dwells, for the willing is present in me, but the doing of the good is not found.
19 For the good that I want, I do not, but I do the very evil that I do not want.
20 But if I do the very thing I do not want, I am no longer the one doing it, but sin that dwells in me.
21 I find then in the law, that even when I do good, evil is present in me,
22 for I delight in the law of Elohim in the inner person,
23 but I see another law in the members of my body, warring against the law of my mind, and captivating me through the law of sin, which is in my members.
24 Wretched man that I am!  Who will deliver me from the body of this death?
25 I thank Elohim through YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach, our Master!  So then, with my mind I myself serve the law of Elohim, but with the flesh the law of sin.



Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in Messiah YEHOSHUA; who walk not after the flesh, but after The Spirit;
2 for the law of The Spirit of Life in Messiah YEHOSHUA has set us free from the law of sin and death.
3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, Elohim, sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh,
4 so that the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who do not walk according to the flesh, but according to The Spirit.
5 For those who are according to the flesh understand the things of the flesh, but those who are according to The Spirit, the things of The Spirit,
6 for the carnal mind is dead, but the mind set on The Spirit is life and peace,
7 because the carnal mind is enmity toward Elohim, for it is not subject to the law of Elohim, for indeed, neither is it able.
8 And those who are in the flesh cannot please Elohim,
9 but you are not in the flesh, but in The Spirit, if The Spirit of Elohim dwells in you.  But if anyone does not have The Spirit of Messiah, they are not of Him.
10 And if Messiah is in you, the body is dead because of sin, but The Spirit is alive because of righteousness.
11 But if The Spirit of Him Who raised YEHOSHUA from the dead dwells in you, He Who raised Messiah from the dead will also give life to your mortal body through His Spirit Who dwells in you.
12 Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh,
13 for if you live according to the flesh, you must die, but if you, through The Spirit, kill the deeds of the body, you will live.
14 For as many as are led by The Spirit of Elohim, these are children of Elohim,
15 for you have not received a spirit of bondage again resulting in fear, but you have received The Spirit of adoption through which we cry out, “Abba, Father!”
16 The Spirit Himself testifies with our spirit that we are the children of Elohim,
17 and if children, then heirs also; heirs of Elohim and joint-heirs with Messiah, if indeed we suffer with Him, so that we may also be glorified with Him.
18 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory that is to be revealed in us;
19 for the earnest expectation of the creation eagerly awaits the revelation of the children of Elohim;
20 for the creation was subjected to vanity, not willingly, but because of Him Who subjected it, in hope
21 that the creation itself also will be delivered from its bondage to corruption, into the glorious liberty of the children of Elohim.
22 For we know that the whole creation groans and travails in pain together until now,
23 and not only this, but also we ourselves, having the first-fruits of The Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting eagerly for the adoption; the redemption of our body.
24 For we have been saved by hope, but hope that is seen is not hope, for who hopes for what they see?
25 But if we hope for what we do not see, with patience we wait.
26 Likewise, The Spirit also helps our weakness, for we do not know how to pray as we should, but The Spirit Himself intercedes for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.
27 And He Who searches the hearts knows what the mind of The Spirit is, because He intercedes for the saints according to Elohim.
28 And we know that all things work together for good to those who love Elohim; to those who are called according to His purpose;
29 for whom He foreknew, He also predestined to become conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brethren.
30 And these whom He predestined, He also called; and these whom He called, He also justified; and these whom He justified, He also glorified.
31 What shall we then say to these things? If Elohim is for us, who is against us?
32 He Who did not spare His own Son, but delivered Him up for us all, how will He not with Him also freely give us all things?
33 Who will bring a charge against Elohim’s elect? Elohim justifies!
34 Who is the one who condemns? Messiah is He Who died; yes, rather Who was raised; Who is even at the right hand of Elohim; Who also intercedes for us.
35 Who will separate us from the love of Messiah? Will tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword?
36 As it is written, “For Your sake we are killed all day long; we are counted as sheep for the slaughter.” 18
37 No, in all these things we are more than conquerors through Him Who loves us.
38 For I am confident that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come,
39 nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, will be able to separate us from the love of Elohim, which is in Messiah YEHOSHUA our Master.



I speak the truth in Messiah, I do not lie!  My conscience testifies with me in The Holy Spirit,
2 that I have great sadness and unceasing sorrow in my heart,
3 for I have wished that I myself were accursed from Messiah for the sake of my brethren; my kinsmen according to the flesh,
4 who are Israelites; to whom is the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service and the promises;
5 whose are the fathers, and from whom is the Messiah according to the flesh, Who is over all; Elohim blessed forever.  Amen!
6 This though is not as if the Word of Elohim has failed, for not all are Israel who are from Israel;
7 nor are they all children because they are Abraham’s seed, but, “Through Isaac your seed shall be named.” 19
8 That is, they who are the children of the flesh, are not the children of Elohim, but the children of the promise are reckoned as the seed.
9 For this is the Word of promise, “I will certainly return to you at this time, and Sarah will have a son.” 20
10 And not only this, but when Rebecca conceived by one man, our father Isaac;
11 for being not yet born, and having done nothing good or bad, so that the purpose of Elohim according to election would stand; not because of works, but because of Him Who calls,
12 it was said to her, “The older shall serve the younger.” 21
13 Just as it is written, “I have loved Jacob; and I hated Esau.” 22
14 What shall we say then? There is no unrighteousness with Elohim, is there? Elohim forbid!
15 For He said to Moses, “I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show compassion on whom I will show compassion.” 23
16 So then, it is not the child who wills or the child who runs, but on Elohim Who shows compassion.
17 For Scripture says to Pharaoh, “For this very reason I have raised you up, in order to show you My power, and in order that My Name may be declared throughout all the earth.” 24
18 Therefore, He has compassion on whom He will, and whom He will He hardens.
19 You will say to me then, “Why does He still find fault, for who resists His will?”
20 No, but, O mankind, who are you to answer against Elohim? Shall the thing formed say to the molder, “Why have You made me this way”?
21 Does not the potter have authority over the clay, to make from the same lump one vessel for honorable use and another for dishonorable use?
22 What if Elohim, willing to show His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much patience the vessels of wrath prepared for destruction,
23 in order that He might make known the riches of His glory to the vessels of mercy, which He prepared beforehand for glory;
24 even us, whom He has called, not from among Yehudi only, but also from among Gentiles?
25 As He says also in Hosea, “I will say to those who were not My people, ‘you are My people, and will have pity upon her who had not obtained mercy.” 25
26 “And it will come to pass, in the place where it was said unto them, ‘You are not My people,’ it will be said unto them, ‘You are children of the living El.’” 26
27 Isaiyeh also cries out concerning Israel, “Though your people Israel be as the sand of the sea, yet a remnant of them will return; 27
28 for He will finish the work, and cut it short in righteousness, because the Master will make short His work upon the earth.
29 And just as Isaiyeh foretold, “Except YEHOWAH of hosts had left unto you a very small remnant, you should have been as Sodom, and you should have been like Gomorrah.” 28
30 What shall we say then? That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have attained righteousness, even the righteousness which is by faith,
31 but Israel, pursuing a law of righteousness, did not arrive at that righteousness?
32 Why? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but instead, as if it were by works of the Law.  They stumbled over the stumbling stone,
33 just as it is written, “Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone; a tried stone; a precious corner stone; a sure foundation.  They who believe will not be disappointed.” 29



Brethren, my heart’s desire, and my prayer to Elohim for Israel is that they might be delivered,
2 for I testify that they have a zeal for Elohim, but not according with knowledge.
3 For not knowing about Elohim’s righteousness, and seeking to establish their own righteousness, they have not subjected themselves to the righteousness of Elohim.
4 For Messiah is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes;
5 for Moses writes that the righteousness which is of the law, that those who do those things shall live by them,
6 but the righteousness that is based on faith speaks this way, “Say not in your heart, ‘Who will ascend into heaven?’ For that is to bring Messiah down,
7 or ‘Who will descend into the abyss?’ For that is to bring Messiah up from the dead.
8 But what does it say? ‘The word is very near you, in your mouth and in your heart,’ and that is the word of faith, which we are preaching; 30
9 that if you confess with your mouth Master, YEHOSHUA, and believe in your heart that Elohim raised Him from the dead, you will be saved,
10 for with the heart a person believes unto righteousness, and with the mouth, confession is made unto salvation.”
11 For the Scripture says, “They who believe will not be disappointed.” 31
12 For there is no difference between Yehudi and Gentile, for the same is Master of all; rich unto all who call upon Him,
13 for “Whoever calls upon the Name of YEHOWAH will be saved.” 32
14 How then will they call upon Him in Whom they have not believed? And how will they believe in Him Whom they have not heard? And how will they hear without a preacher?
15 And how will they preach, unless they are sent? As it is written, “How beautiful are the feet of those who bring good news; who proclaim peace; who announce good tidings of good.” 33
16 But they did not all heed the good news, for Isaiyeh says, “Who has believed our report?” 34
17 So faith comes from hearing, and hearing by the Word of Elohim.
18 But I say, “Have they not heard?” Yes, indeed they have, for, “Their line has gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world.” 35
19 But I say, “Did not Israel know?” First, Moses said, “I will make them jealous with that which is not a people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation.” 36
20 And Isaiyeh is very bold, and says, “I am sought by those that never asked for Me; I am found by those who never sought Me.” 37
21 But to Israel He says, “I have spread out My hands all day long to a rebellious people, who walk in a way that was not good, after their own thoughts.” 38



I say then, has Elohim cast away His people? Elohim forbid!  For I too am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benyehmin.
2 Elohim has not cast away His people, which He foreknew.  Or do you not know what the Scripture says in the passage about Eliyeh? How he interceded with Elohim against Israel, saying,
3 “The children of Israel have forsaken Your covenant, torn down Your altars and killed Your prophets with the sword.  And I, I only am left, and they seek my life, to take it away.” 39
4 But what is the Divine response to him? “I will have left to Me seven thousand in Israel; all the knees who have not bowed to Baal.” 40
5 Even so then at this present time, there is a remnant according to the election of grace,
6 and if by grace, it is no more of works, otherwise grace is no longer grace.
7 What then? Israel has not obtained that which is sought, but the chosen have obtained it, and the rest were blinded,
8 as it is written, “YEHOWAH has poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and eyes to see not and ears to hear not, to this day.” 41
9 And David says, “Let their table become a snare before them, and that which was to be for their welfare, become a trap;
10 let their eyes be darkened, so that they may not see, and make their loins shake continually.” 42
11 I say then, have they stumbled, so that they should fall? Elohim forbid!  But through their transgression deliverance has come unto the Gentiles, to make them jealous.
12 Now if their transgression is riches of the world, and their transgression becomes riches for the Gentiles, how much more will their fulfillment be?
13 But I speak to you who are Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, and thus I magnify my ministry
14 if by any means I might provoke to jealousy my kindred, and might save some of them;
15 for if their rejection is the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance be, but life from the dead?
16 If the first fruit is holy, the mass is also, and if the root is holy, so the branches are too.
17 And if some of the branches are broken off, and you, being a wild olive tree, were grafted in among them, and became partakers with them of the rich root of the olive tree,
18 boast not against the branches.  But if you do boast, bear in mind that it is not you who supports the root, but the root supports you.
19 You will say then, “The branches were broken off, so that I might be grafted in.”
20 Right!  They were broken off through their unbelief, but you stand by faith.  Do not be arrogant, but fear,
21 for if Elohim did not spare the natural branches, He will not spare you either.
22 Behold then the kindness and severity of Elohim:  To those who fell, severity, but to you, kindness, if you continue in His kindness; otherwise you also will be cut off.
23 And they also, if they do not continue in their unbelief, will be grafted in, for Elohim is able to graft them in again.
24 For if you were cut off from the olive tree that is wild by nature, and were grafted contrary to nature into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these, which are the natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree?
25 For I do not want you, brethren, to be ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be wise in your own conceit, that a partial blindness has happened to Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in,
26 and so all Israel will be delivered, as it is written, “The redeemer will come in Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob.
27 This is My covenant with them, when I take away their sins.” 43
28 As regards to the gospel, they are enemies for your sake, but as regards to election, they are beloved for the sake of the fathers;
29 for the gifts and the calling of Elohim are irrevocable.
30 For just as you in times past did not believe Elohim, yet have now been shown mercy through their unbelief,
31 even so have these also now not believed, that through the mercy shown to you, they also may obtain mercy.
32 For Elohim has shut up all in unbelief, that He might have mercy upon all.
33 Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of Elohim!  How unsearchable are His judgments? And His ways beyond discovery!
34 For who has known the mind of YEHOSHUA, or who has become His counselor?
35 Or who has first given to Him, that it might be paid back to him again?
36 For from Him, and through Him, and to Him, are all things, to Whom be the glory forever.  Amen!



Therefore, I beseech you, brethren, by the mercies of Elohim, to present your bodies a living and holy sacrifice, acceptable unto Elohim, which is your reasonable worship.
2 And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect will of Elohim.
3 For through the grace given unto me, I say to everyone among you, not to think more highly of themselves than they ought to think, but to think soberly, according as Elohim has dealt to each person a measure of faith.
4 For just as we have many members in one body, and all the members do not have the same office,
5 so we, who are many, are one body in Messiah, and every one members one of another.
6 Having then gifts which differ according to the grace given to us, whether prophecy, according to the proportion of faith;
7 if service, in their serving; or they who teach, in their teaching;
8 or they who exhort, in their exhortation; those who give, with liberality; those who lead, with diligence; they who show mercy, with cheerfulness.
9 Let love be without hypocrisy.  Abhor what is evil, cling to what is good.
10 Be fraternal to one another with love of the brethren.  In honor give preference to one another,
11 not slothful in business, fervent in spirit, serving the Master,
12 rejoicing in hope, patient in tribulation, continually in prayer,
13 sharing in the needs of the saints, given to hospitality.
14 Bless those who persecute you; bless and curse not.
15 Rejoice with those who rejoice, and weep with those who weep.
16 Be of the same mind toward one another.  Regard not the lofty things, but patronize with the lowly.  Do not be wise in your own conceit.
17 Repay no one evil for evil.  Provide what is honest in the sight of all.
18 If possible, as much as it depends on you, be at peace with all mankind.
19 Beloved, never avenge yourselves, but give place unto wrath, for it is written, “I will repay evil.” 44
20 But, “If your enemies are hungry, give them food to eat, and if they are thirsty, give them water to drink, for you will heap coals of fire upon their head.” 45
21 Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.



Let every person be subject to the higher authorities, for there is no authority except from Elohim, and those which exist are appointed by Elohim.
2 Whoever therefore resists authority, has opposed the ordinance of Elohim, and they who have opposed will receive condemnation upon themselves.
3 For rulers are not a fear for good behavior, but for evil.  Will you then not fear authority? Do that which is good, and you will have praise from the same,
4 for it is a minister of Elohim to you for good.  But if you do what is evil, be afraid, for it does not bear the sword in vain, for it is a minister of Elohim; an avenger who brings wrath on those who practice evil.
5 Therefore it is necessary to be in subjection, not only for wrath, but also for conscience’ sake,
6 for because of this you also pay taxes, for rulers are servants of Elohim, devoted continually upon this very thing.
7 Render therefore to all what is due them:  Tax to whom tax is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom honor.
8 Owe nothing to anyone except to love one another, for those who love their neighbor have fulfilled the law,
9 for this, “You shall not commit adultery; You shall not murder; You shall not steal; You shall not covet,” and if there is any other commandment, it is summed up in this saying, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” 46
10 Love does no wrong to a neighbor, therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.
11 This also, knowing the time, that it is already time that we awaken from sleep, for now deliverance is nearer to us than when we believed.
12 The night is almost gone, and the day is at hand.  Let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armor of light.
13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in carousing and drunkenness; not in cohabiting and sensuality; not in strife and jealousy,
14 but put on the Master YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach, and make no provision for the flesh, to fulfill its lusts.



Now accept those who are weak in faith, but not for disputing or judgmental opinions.
2 For one believes that they may eat all things, but those who are weak eat vegetables only.
3 Let not the one who eats think with contempt regarding the one who does not eat, or the one who does not eat, judge the one who eats, for Elohim has accepted them.
4 Who are you that you judge the servant of another? To their own Master they stand or fall, and they will stand, for the Master is able to make them stand.
5 One person esteems one day above another; another regards every day alike.  Let each person be fully persuaded in their own mind.
6 Those who observe a day, observe it for the Master, and those who eat, do so for the Master, for they give thanks unto Elohim; and those who eat not, for the Master they do not eat, and give thanks unto Elohim,
7 for not one of us lives for themselves, and not one dies for themselves,
8 for if we live, we live for the Master, or if we die, we die for the Master.  Therefore, whether we live or die, we are the Master’s.
9 For to this end Messiah died, and rose, and lives again, that He might be Master both of the dead and of the living.
10 But why do you judge your brethren? Or again, why do you regard your brethren with contempt? For we will all stand before the judgment seat of Elohim,
11 for it is written, “Unto Me every knee will bow, and every tongue will swear.” 47
12 So then every one of us will give an account of themselves unto Elohim.
13 Therefore let us not judge one another anymore, but judge this instead:  That nobody put a stumbling block or an occasion to fall in a brethren’s way.
14 I know and am persuaded by Master YEHOSHUA that nothing is unclean in itself, but to those who think anything to be unclean, to them it is unclean.
15 For if your brethren are grieved because of your food, you are no longer walking according to love.  Do not destroy with your food those for whom Messiah died.
16 Therefore do not let what is for you good, be spoken of as evil,
17 for the kingdom of Elohim is not eating and drinking, but righteousness, and peace, and joy in The Holy Spirit;
18 for those who in this way serve Messiah are acceptable unto Elohim, and approved by mankind.
19 Let us therefore pursue the things that make for peace, and things with which one may build up another.
20 Do not tear down the work of Elohim for the sake of food.  All things indeed are clean, but they are evil for those who eat and give offense.
21 It is good neither to eat meat, nor to drink wine, nor to do anything by which your brethren stumble, or are offended, or are made weak.
22 Do you have faith? Have it unto yourself before Elohim.  Happy are they who do not condemn themselves in what they approve.
23 But those who doubt are condemned if they eat, because their eating is not from faith, and whatever is not from faith is sin.



We then who are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, and not just please ourselves.
2 Let each of us please our neighbor for their good; to their edification,
3 for even Messiah did not please Himself, but as it is written, “The reproaches of those who reproach You have fallen upon me.” 48
4 For whatever was written in earlier times was written for our learning, so that through patience and the consolation of the Scriptures we might have hope.
5 Now the Elohim of patience and consolation grant you like-mindedness toward one another according to Messiah YEHOSHUA,
6 so that you may with one mind and one mouth glorify YEHOWAH, even the Father of our Master YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach.
7 Therefore, receive one another, as Messiah also received us, to the glory of Elohim.
8 For I say that YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach has become a Minister of the circumcision for the truth of Elohim, to confirm the promises made unto the fathers,
9 and that the Gentiles might glorify Elohim for His mercy, as it is written, “Therefore, will I give thanks to You, O YEHOWAH; among the nations I will sing praises to Your Name.” 49
10 And again He says, “Rejoice O nations, with His people.” 50
11 And again, “Praise YEHOWAH, all nations; glorify Him, all you people.” 51
12 Again Isaiyeh says, “And in that day there will be a root of Jesse, which will stand for an ensign of the people; to it will the Gentiles seek, and His rest will be glorious.” 52
13 Now may the Elohim of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, so that you will abound in hope, through the power of The Holy Spirit.
14 And concerning you, my brethren, I myself am also persuaded that you are also full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, and able also to admonish one another.
15 Nevertheless brethren, I have written all the more boldly to you in some sort, so as to remind you, because of the grace that is given to me from Elohim,
16 that I should be the minister of YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach to the Gentiles; ministering the gospel of Elohim, so that the offering up of the Gentiles might be acceptable, being sanctified by The Holy Spirit.
17 Therefore in YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach I have reason for boasting in things pertaining to Elohim,
18 for I will not dare to speak of anything that Messiah has not accomplished through me, in order to make the Gentiles obedient by word and by deed;
19 through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of The Spirit of Elohim, so that from Jerusalem and round about as far as Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Messiah.
20 And so I strive to preach the gospel, not where Messiah was already Named, lest I should build upon the foundation laid by another brethren,
21 but as it is written, “For that which had not been told them will they see, and that which they had not heard, they will understand.” 53
22 For this reason also I have often been hindered from coming to you,
23 but now, having no more place in these regions, and having a great desire these many years to come to you,
24 whenever I take my journey to Spain, I will come to you, for I trust to see you in my journey, and to be helped on my way there by you, if first I have enjoyed your company for a while.
25 But now I am going unto Jerusalem to minister to the saints,
26 for it has pleased those of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor saints who are in Jerusalem,
27 and it has pleased them greatly, for they are indebted to them, for if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, then they are bound also to minister unto them in material things.
28 Therefore, when I have finished this, and have sealed unto them this fruit, I will come to you on my way to Spain.
29 And I am sure that when I come to you, I will come in the fullness of the blessing of the gospel of Messiah.
30 Now I urge you brethren, for the sake of Master YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach, and by the love of The Spirit, to strive together with me in your prayers to Elohim for me,
31 that I may be delivered from those who do not believe in Yehudah, and that my service for Jerusalem may be accepted by the saints,
32 so that I may come to you in joy by the will of Elohim, and may be refreshed with you.
33 Now the Elohim of peace be with you all.  Amen!



I commend unto you our sister Phoebe, who is a servant of the church which is at Kenchrea,
2 that you receive her in the Master in a manner becoming of saints, and that you assist her in whatever matter she may have need of you, for she has been a patroness of many, and of myself as well.
3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila, my fellow helpers in Messiah YEHOSHUA,
4 who have for my life laid down their own necks; to whom not only do I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles.
5 Also greet the church that is in their house.  Greet Epaenetus, my beloved, who is the first fruit of Achaia unto Messiah.
6 Greet Mary, who has labored hard for us.
7 Greet Andronicus and Junias, my kinsmen and my fellow prisoners, who are noteworthy among the apostles; who also were in Messiah before me.
8 Greet Amplias, my beloved in the Master.
9 Greet Urbanus, our helper in Messiah, and Stachys my beloved.
10 Greet Apelles, approved in Messiah, and greet those who are of the household of Aristobulus.
11 Greet Herodian, my kinsman, and greet those of the household of Narcissus, who are in the Master.
12 Greet Tryphena and Tryphosa, who labor in the Master, and greet Persis the beloved, who has labored greatly in the Master.
13 Greet Rufus, chosen in the Master, also his mother and mine.
14 Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes and the brethren with them.
15 Greet Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them.
16 Greet one another with a holy kiss.  The churches of Messiah greet you.
17 Now I urge you brethren, keep your eye on those who cause divisions and offences contrary to the teaching which you learned, and avoid them,
18 for they are such who do not serve our Master YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach, but their own appetites, and by good words and fine speaking, deceive the hearts of the simple.
19 For your obedience has spread abroad unto all, and I am glad therefore, on your behalf. But I want you to be wise in what is good, and simple in what is evil.
20 And the Elohim of peace will crush Satan under your feet very soon.  The grace of Master YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach be with you.  Amen!
21 Timothy my fellow worker, and Lucius, and Jason, and Sosipater my kinsmen, greet you.
22 I, Tertius, who write this letter, greet you in the Master.
23 Gaius my host, and the whole church, greets you.  Erastus, the governor of the city greets you, and Quartus, a brother.
24 The grace of Master YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach be with you all.  Amen!
25 Now to Him, in Whose power you might be established according to my gospel and the preaching of YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach; according to the revelation of the mystery, which has been kept secret since the world began,
26 but now is made manifest, and by the Scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the eternal Elohim, has been made known to all the nations for the obedience of faith;
27 to the only wise Elohim, be the glory through YEHOSHUA ha Mashiach, forever.  Amen!


1 Habakkuk 2:4
2 Psalm 62:12; Proverbs 24:12
3 Ezekiel 36:20 ff
4 Psalm 51:4
5 Psalm 53:3
6 Psalm 53:2
7 Psalm 14:3
8 Psalm 57:9, 140:3
9 Psalm 10:7
10 Isaiyeh 59:7
11 Isaiyeh 59:8
12 Psalm 36:12
13 Genesis 15:6
14 Psalm 32:1-2
15 Genesis 17:4
16 Genesis 15:5
17 Exodus 20:17
18 Psalm 44:22
19 Genesis 21:12
20 Genesis 18:10
21 Genesis 25:23
22 Malachyeh 1:2 & 3
23 Exodus 33:19
24 Exodus 9:16
25 Hosea 2:23
26 Hosea 1:10
27 Isaiyeh 10:22
28 Isaiyeh 1:9
29 Isaiyeh 28:16
30 Deuteronomy 30:11-14
31 Isaiyeh 28:16
32 Yehel (Joel) 2:32
33 Isaiyeh 52:7
34 Isaiyeh 53:1
35 Psalm 19:4
36 Deuteronomy 32:21
37 Isaiyeh 65:1
38 Isaiyeh 65:2
39 1 Kings 19:10
40 1 Kings 19:18
41 Isaiyeh 29:10; Deuteronomy 29:4
42 Psalm 69:22 & 23
43 Isaiyeh 59:20 & 21
44 Proverbs 20:22
45 Proverbs 25:21 & 22
46 Exodus 20:13-17; Leviticus 19:18
47 Isaiyeh 45:23
48 Psalm 69:9
49 Psalm 18:49
50 Deuteronomy 32:43
51 Psalm 117:1
52 Isaiyeh 11:10
53 Isaiyeh 52:15

ROMANS: To The Letters of Faith


ROMANS: To the Copyrights

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Lawrence T. Vosen, PhD.


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